Title : Front Matter Type : S&E Degrees: 1966-93 NSF Org: SBE / SRS Date : April 16, 1995 File : s2893000 Science and Engineering Degrees: 1966-93 Detailed Statistical Tables Susan T. Hill, Project Officer Suggested Citation National Science Foundation, Science and Engineering Degrees: 1966-93, NSF 95-312 (Arlington, VA, 1995). Availability of Publications Single copies are available free of charge from the Division of Science Re- sources Studies, National Science Foundation, Arlington, VA 22230. If you are a user of electronic mail and have access to Internet, you may order publica- tions electronically. Internet users should send requests to pubs@nsf.gov. In your request, include the NSF publication number and title, your name, and a complete mailing address. Printed publications may also be ordered by fax (703- 644-4278). Publications should be received within 3 weeks after receipt of request. See page iv for availability of science and technology data on the Science and Technology Information System (STIS). Telephonic Device for the Deaf (703) 306-0090 Contributors Data collection, preparation, and tabulations were performed by Quantum Research Corp. for the National Science Foundation. The Project Officer for this report was Susan T. Hill. CONTENTS Section Page General Notes ix A. Technical Notes 1 B. Statistical Charts 19 C. Detailed Statistical Tables 31 GENERAL NOTES This publication is based on data obtained from several Federal agencies that had acquired them as part of their general statistics programs. The bachelor's and master's degree data were obtained from universe institution surveys of the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES), U.S. Department of Education. Data on doctorates are from the Survey of Earned Doctorates,a universe survey of individual doctorate recipients that is sponsored by the National Science Foun- dation (NSF) and four other Federal agencies, and were collected by the National Research Council.Estimates of population in the various age categories are based on data that were collected and published by the Bureau of the Census, U.S. Department of Commerce. The data in this report cover earned degrees conferred in the aggregate United States, which comprises the 50 States, the District of Columbia, and the U.S. Territories and Outlying Areas (American Samoa, the former Canal Zone, the Northern Mariana Islands, Puerto Rico, Guam, the Virgin Islands, and the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands). Degree data are compiled for a 12-month period, July through June of the following year. For convenience, degrees in a given July-through-June period are referred to by the year in which the period ended; e.g., 1993 means the 12-month period ending June 1993. It is difficult to establish a completely consistent series of degree data over a long period of time because of changes in definitions, instructions, and field classifications, including the introduction of new specialties. The data for earlier years are presented as consistently as possible with the classi- fications used in the current Classification of Instructional Programs (Wash- ington, DC,Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office). See the Technical Notes for further information on the field classifications used. The focus of this publication is on degrees in science and engineering fields,and, where appropriate, the data have been reclassified according to NSF field categories. This report supersedes previous editions, not only because it includes later data, but because fields classified as science and engineering differ slightly, especially in the social sciences at the doctorate level, from those of past editions. It should be noted that data on engineering technology degrees and degrees in the health/medical sciences are not included in the science and engineering totals here. The time series for this report begins in 1966. For more information, please contact the NSF project officer_ Susan T. Hill Division of Science Resources Studies National Science Foundation 4201 Wilson Boulevard, Suite 965 Arlington, VA 22230 Telephone:(703) 306-1774, ext. 6915 Internet:sthill@nsf.gov SECTION A. Technical Notes This report is based on final data from several Federal surveys. Two of them are the U.S. Department of Education's Survey of Degrees and Other Formal Awards Conferred, and the Completions Survey conducted annually by the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) as part of the Higher Education General Infor- mation Survey (HEGIS), later renamed the Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS). The third is the Survey of Earned Doctorates, conducted annually for the National Science Foundation (NSF) and four other Federal agencies by the National Research Council. In addition, population data on various age groups for tables 56-58 were obtained from Current Population Surveys conducted by the Census Bureau. Each source is described in more detail in the following sections. Data from the Survey of Degrees and Other Formal Awards Conferred and from the Completions Survey were used to report the number of bachelor's and master's degrees. The data on doctoral degrees in this report were derived frm the Survey of Earned Doctorates,which surveyed all individuals earning research doctorates, rather than from Completions Survey, which surveyed the institutions awarding the doctorates. The Earned Doctorate data were preferred because the data pro- vided by individuals are more specific with respect to the fld of specialization and are less prone to errors in data reporting and data entry than are the data provided by institutions. Furthermore,doctorate data provide 100 percent coverage for data by field and sex of individual recipients, whereas institutional data are subject to imputation for nonresponse. For a comparison of reporting on doc toral degrees in the Completions Survey and the Survey of Earned Doctorates, see National Science Foundation, Science and Engineering Doctorates: 1960-91, NSF 93-301, Detailed Statistical Tables (Washington, DC, 1993). BACHELOR'S AND MASTER'S DEGREE DATA In the Survey of Degrees and Other Formal Awards Conferred and in the Completions Survey, data are collected on all degrees conferred between July 1 and June 30 from the universe of accredited institutions of higher education in the 50 States,the District of Columbia, and the U.S. Territories and Outlying Areas. The survey forms are filled out by institution administrative personnel. The data are collected according to sex of recipient and field of study. In 1993 the final universe of institutions granting bachelor's or higher level degrees was 2,792.Each year between 1966 and 1993, institutional responses to these surveys exceeded 85 percent. Imputations for nonresponse were based on the pre- vious year's response for an institution, if available. Because the data in this report include those for institutions in the U.S. territories, they may differ from numbers published by NCES that relate only to the 50 States and the District of Columbia and their field groupings. Data on degrees by field of study were collected according to the Classification of Instructional Programs, developed by NCES.Four field classification systems were used during the 1966-93 period. (See section 4, "Field Classification Schemes.") DOCTORAL DEGREE DATA In the Survey of Earned Doctorates, information is collected during the period of July 1 of one year to June 30 of the next from all persons who have fulfilled the requirements for a research doctorate. The survey is funded jointly by NSF and four other agencies: the U.S. Department of Education, the National Insti- tutes of Health, the National Endowment for the Humanities, and the U.S. Depart- ment of Agriculture. The National Research Council sends the survey forms to all accredited doctorate-granting institutions for distribution by the graduate deans to all research doctorate recipients as they complete degree requirements. Infor- mation collected in the survey comprises demographic data, such as the student's sex, citizenship, and racial/ethnic group; education history, including field of degrees; sources of graduate student support; employment status during the year preceding receipt of the doctorate; postgraduation plans; and background on parents' education. Approximately 95 percent of the doctorate recipients complete and return the survey forms. For nonrespondents, commencement programs consti- tuted a source of skeletal information that was added to the file. These vari- ables were sex, field of study, institution, year of doctorate, and educational background. Consequently, for the variables used in this report, there is complete coverage. Data are updated annually from completed survey forms sub- mitted belatedly by previous nonrespondents; therefore, data on doctorates are subject to revision and may differ very slightly from reports published earlier. POPULATION DATA Estimates of population in the various age classifications, based on sample household surveys, were taken from published reports of the Bureau of the Census, U.S. Department of Commerce. All documents used were from Current Population Surveys, Series P-25, estimates for the total population as of July 1 of each year. Data for years 1970-79 were obtained from Current Population Surveys, "Preliminary Estimates of the Population of the United States, by Age, Sex, and Race: 1970 to 1981," No. 917, 1982. Data for 1980-91 are from "United States Population Estimates by Age, Sex, Race, and Hispanic Origin: 1980 to 1991," No. 1095, February 1993 (Washington, DC: Superintendent of Documents, GPO). Data for 1992-93 are from "United States Population Estimates by Age, Sex, Race, and Hispanic Origin: 1990 to 1994," No. PPL-21, March 1995 (Washington, DC: Super- intendent of Documents, GPO). Data are for the total U.S. population taken from table 1 of each report cited. These data include the population of the 50 States, the District of Columbia, and the Armed Forces overseas, but exclude residents of Puerto Rico and the U.S. Territories and Outlying Areas. These estimates do not make any allowances for the undercount of U.S. residents in the decennial censuses. The completeness of coverage is estimated to be 97.3 percent for 22 year-olds, 97.8 percent for 24-year-olds, and 99.8 percent for 30-year-olds. FIELD CLASSIFICATION SCHEMES It is difficult to establish a completely consistent series of degree data over a long period of time, given changes in field classifications and evolving field of study. Data for the earlier years are presented as consistently as possible with the current classification schemes of fields of study, which show the Com- pletions and the Earned Doctorates Surveys field codes used in this report. In the first listing (beginning on page 5), the current classification schemes for both the Completions and the Earned Doctorates Surveys are compared. The second listing (page 12) shows historical changes in the Department of Education's previous classification systems for the Earned Degrees and the Completions Sur- veys as they affect the taxonomy for bachelor's-degree and master's-degree data used in this report. Note that the data in this report have been grouped into the science and engineering categories used by NSF. Therefore, data in this report may differ from those in reports published by the U.S. Department of Edu- cation. SECTION B. STATISTICAL CHARTS LIST OF CHARTS Chart Page 1. Bachelor's degrees awarded in science and engineering (S&E) fields and in non-S&E fields: 1966-93 23 2. Science and engineering bachelor's degrees awarded, by major field: 1966-93 23 3. Total and science and engineering (S&E) bachelor's degrees awarded, by sex of recipient: 1966-93 24 4. Percentage of science and engineering bachelor's degrees awarded to women, by major field: 1966 and 1993 24 5. Master's degrees awarded in science and engineering (S&E) fields and in non-S&E fields: 1966-93 25 6. Science and engineering master's degrees awarded, by major field: 1966-93 25 7. Total and science and engineering (S&E) master's degrees awarded, by sex of recipient: 1966-93 26 8. Percentage of science and engineering master's degrees awarded to women, by major field: 1966 and 1993 26 9. Doctoral degrees awarded in science and engineering (S&E) fields and in non-S&E fields: 1966-93 27 10. Science and engineering doctoral degrees awarded, by major field: 1966-93 27 11. Total and science and engineering (S&E) doctoral degrees awarded, by sex of recipient: 1966-93 28 12. Percentage of science and engineering doctoral degrees awarded to women, by major field: 1966 and 1993 28 13. Science and engineering bachelor's degrees awarded per thousand 22-year-olds in the U.S. population: 1966-93 29 14. Science and engineering master's degrees awarded per thousand 24-year-olds in the U.S. population: 1966-93 29 15. Science and engineering doctoral degrees awarded per thousand 30-year-olds in the U.S. population: 1966-93 30 SECTION C. DETAILED STATISTICAL TABLES LIST OF TABLES Table Page 1. Degrees awarded in all fields and in science and engineering, by degree level: 1966-93 37 2. Degrees awarded in all fields, by degree level and sex of recipient: 1966-93 38 3. Science and engineering degrees awarded,by degree level and sex of recipient: 1966-93 39 4. Non-science and engineering degrees awarded, by degree level and sex of recipient: 1966-93 40 5. Bachelor's degrees awarded, by major field group: 1966-93 41 6. Percentage distribution of bachelor's degrees awarded, by major field group: 1966-93 42 7. Bachelor's degrees awarded to men, by major field group:1966-93 43 8. Percentage distribution of bachelor's degrees awarded to men, by major field group: 1966-93 44 9. Bachelor's degrees awarded to women, by major field group: 1966-93 45 10. Percentage distribution of bachelor's degrees awarded to women, by major field group: 1966-93 46 11. Women as a percentage of all baccalaureate recipients, by major field group: 1966-93 47 12. Master's degrees awarded, by major field group: 1966-93 48 13. Percentage distribution of master's degrees awarded,by major field group: 1966-93 49 14. Master's degrees awarded to men, by major field group: 1966-93 50 15. Percentage distribution of master's degrees awarded to men, by major field group: 1966-93 51 16. Master's degrees awarded to women, by major field group: 1966-93 52 17. Percentage distribution of master's degrees awarded to women, by major field group: 1966-93 53 18. Women as a percentage of all master's degree recipients, by major field group: 1966-93 54 19. Doctoral degrees awarded, by major field group: 1966-93 55 20. Percentage distribution of doctoral degrees awarded,by major field group: 1966-93 56 21. Doctoral degrees awarded to men, by major field group: 1966-93 57 22. Percentage distribution of doctoral degrees awarded to men, by major field group: 1966-93 58 23. Doctoral degrees awarded to women,by major field group: 1966-93 59 24. Percentage distribution of doctoral degrees awarded to women,by major field group: 1966-93 60 25. Women as a percentage of all doctorate recipients, by major field group: 1966-93 61 26. Engineering degrees awarded, by degree level and sex of recipient: 1966-93 62 27. Aeronautical/astronautical engineering degrees awarded,by degree level and sex of recipient: 1966-93 63 28. Chemical engineering degrees awarded, by degree level and sex of recipient: 1966-93 64 29. Civil engineering degrees awarded, by degree level and sex of recipient: 1966-93 65 30. Electrical engineering degrees awarded, by degree level and sex of recipient: 1966-93 66 31. Industrial engineering degrees awarded, by degree level and sex of recipient: 1966-93 67 32. Mechanical engineering degrees awarded, by degree level and sex of recipient: 1966-93 68 33. Materials/metallurgy engineering degrees awarded,by degree level and sex of recipient: 1966-93 69 34. Other engineering degrees awarded, by degree level and sex of recipient: 1966-93 70 35. Physical science degrees awarded, by degree level and sex of recipient: 1966-93 71 36. Astronomy degrees awarded, by degree level and sex of recipient: 1966-93 72 37. Chemistry degrees awarded, by degree level and sex of recipient: 1966-93 73 38. Physics degrees awarded, by degree level and sex of recipient: 1966-93 74 39. Other physical science degrees awarded, by degree level and sex of recipient: 1966-93 75 40. Earth, atmospheric, and oceanographic science degrees awarded, by degree level and sex of recipient: 1966-93 76 41. Atmospheric science degrees awarded, by degree level and sex of recipient: 1966-93 77 42. Geoscience degrees awarded, by degree level and sex of recipient: 1966-93 78 43. Oceanography degrees awarded,by degree level and sex of recipient: 1966-93 79 44. Mathematical/computer science degrees awarded, by degree level and sex of recipient: 1966-93 80 45. Mathematics degrees awarded, by degree level and sex of recipient: 1966-93 81 46. Computer science degrees awarded, by degree level and sex of recipient: 1966-93 82 47. Biological/agricultural degrees awarded, by degree level and sex of recipient: 1966-93 83 48. Agricultural science degrees awarded, by degree level and sex of recipient: 1966-93 84 49. Biological science degrees awarded, by degree level and sex of recipient: 1966-93 85 50. Psychology degrees awarded, by degree level and sex of recipient: 1966-93 86 51. Social science degrees awarded, by degree level and sex of recipient: 1966-93 87 52. Economics degrees awarded, by degree level and sex of recipient: 1966-93 88 53. Political science degrees awarded, by degree level and sex of recipient: 1966-93 89 54. Sociology degrees awarded, by degree level and sex of recipient: 1966-93 90 55. Other social science degrees awarded, by degree level and sex of recipient: 1966-93 91 56. Science and engineering baccalaureate degrees awarded,per thousand 22-year-olds in the U.S. population: 1966-93 92 57. Science and engineering master's degrees awarded,per thousand 24- year-olds in the U.S. population: 1966-93 93 58. Science and engineering doctoral degrees awarded,per thousand 30- year-olds in the U.S. population: 1966-93 94 59. Engineering technology degrees awarded, by degree level and sex of recipient: 1966-93 95 60. Health field degrees awarded, by degree level and sex of recipient: 1966-93 96 61. First-professional degrees awarded, by sex of recipient: 1966-93 97 62. First-professional degrees awarded in health fields, by sex of recipient: 1966-93 98 63. First-professional degrees awarded in non-health fields, by sex of recipient: 1966-93 99
Text Only Options

Top of page


Text Only Options

Open the original version of this page.

Usablenet Assistive is a UsableNet product. Usablenet Assistive Main Page.