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NSF Discoveries http://www.nsf.gov/discoveries/ Discoveries posted on the NSF website, http://www.nsf.gov. en Wed, 25 May 2016 05:02:51 EDT <![CDATA[Asian Pacific American Heritage Month and the power of global citizenship]]> http://www.nsf.gov/discoveries/disc_summ.jsp?cntn_id=138743&WT.mc_id=USNSF_1 Photo of Jim Kurose and family at graduation
Three NSF leaders reflect on their heritage
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This is an NSF Discoveries item.]]> http://www.nsf.gov/discoveries/disc_summ.jsp?cntn_id=138743&WT.mc_id=USNSF_1 <![CDATA[Federal science and engineering funding for academic institutions sees first increase in five years]]> http://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=138688&WT.mc_id=USNSF_1 Person in lab coat pouring liquid beaker.

Federal agencies obligated $30.8 billion to 996 academic institutions for science and engineering (S&E) activities in Fiscal Year (FY) 2014, the most recent year for which such information is available, a 6 percent increase over the previous year and the first increase in such funding since FY2009.

In current dollars, federal S&E obligations to academic institutions fell by $1.8 billion between FY2012 and FY2013, then increased by $1.7 billion between FY2013 and FY2014, ...
More at http://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=138688&WT.mc_id=USNSF_1

This is an NSF Discoveries item.]]> http://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=138688&WT.mc_id=USNSF_1 <![CDATA[Natural regeneration of tropical forests helps global climate mitigation and forest restoration]]> http://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=138510&WT.mc_id=USNSF_1 Photo of small patches of tropical dry forest on hills

This article is the ninth in a series on NSF's Long Term Research in Environmental Biology (LTREB) awards. Visit parts one, two, three, four, ...
More at http://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=138510&WT.mc_id=USNSF_1

This is an NSF Discoveries item.]]> http://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=138510&WT.mc_id=USNSF_1 <![CDATA[National Science Foundation awards $1.7 million in rapid response grants to study Zika virus]]> http://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=138472&WT.mc_id=USNSF_1 One Zika-carrying mosquito, Aedes albopictus, the Asian tiger mosquito, ranges farther north.

To find new ways of halting the spread of Zika -- fast becoming a major public health threat -- the National Science Foundation (NSF) Division of Environmental Biology's Ecology and Evolution of Infectious Diseases (EEID) Program has funded nine rapid response, or RAPID, grants totaling $1.7 million.

"Each new infectious disease presents an ongoing challenge to public health," says James Olds, NSF assistant director for Biological Sciences. "Recognizing the need for ...
More at http://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=138472&WT.mc_id=USNSF_1

This is an NSF Discoveries item.]]> http://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=138472&WT.mc_id=USNSF_1 <![CDATA[Five things you need to know about tornadoes]]> http://www.nsf.gov/discoveries/disc_summ.jsp?cntn_id=138579&WT.mc_id=USNSF_1 Roger Wakimoto, NSF Assistant Director for Geosciences, in the field conducting tornado research.
May is the peak month for twisters
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This is an NSF Discoveries item.]]> http://www.nsf.gov/discoveries/disc_summ.jsp?cntn_id=138579&WT.mc_id=USNSF_1 <![CDATA[It's our birthday!]]> http://www.nsf.gov/discoveries/disc_summ.jsp?cntn_id=138583&WT.mc_id=USNSF_1 inaugural national science board members wearing party hats
A celebration of NSF-funded research
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This is an NSF Discoveries item.]]> http://www.nsf.gov/discoveries/disc_summ.jsp?cntn_id=138583&WT.mc_id=USNSF_1 <![CDATA[President Obama honors early career scientists with top White House award]]> http://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=137709&WT.mc_id=USNSF_1 Photo of President Barack Obama and PECASE awardees in the White House

President Barack Obama today named 105* researchers as recipients of the Presidential Early Career Award for Scientists and Engineers (PECASE), granting them the U.S. government's highest award for scientists and engineers in the early stages of their independent research careers. The National Science Foundation (NSF) nominated 21 of the awardees.

PECASE recognizes scientists and engineers who show exceptional potential for leadership at the frontiers of scientific knowledge. Winners ...
More at http://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=137709&WT.mc_id=USNSF_1

This is an NSF Discoveries item.]]> http://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=137709&WT.mc_id=USNSF_1 <![CDATA[Video: What can we do about false confessions?]]> http://www.nsf.gov/discoveries/disc_summ.jsp?cntn_id=138531&WT.mc_id=USNSF_1 Saul Kassin
Saul Kassin's research looks at why innocent people confess
More at http://www.nsf.gov/discoveries/disc_summ.jsp?cntn_id=138531&WT.mc_id=USNSF_1

This is an NSF Discoveries item.]]> http://www.nsf.gov/discoveries/disc_summ.jsp?cntn_id=138531&WT.mc_id=USNSF_1 <![CDATA[Researchers find that Earth may be home to 1 trillion species]]> http://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=138446&WT.mc_id=USNSF_1 Grand Prismatic Spring in Yellowstone

Earth could contain nearly 1 trillion species, with only one-thousandth of 1 percent now identified, according to the results of a new study.

The estimate, based on universal scaling laws applied to large datasets, appears today in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. The report's authors are Jay Lennon and Kenneth Locey of Indiana University in Bloomington, Indiana.

The scientists combined microbial, plant and animal datasets from government, ...
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This is an NSF Discoveries item.]]> http://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=138446&WT.mc_id=USNSF_1 <![CDATA[Language and earthquakes: Insights in disaster response]]> http://www.nsf.gov/discoveries/disc_summ.jsp?cntn_id=138469&WT.mc_id=USNSF_1 Photo showing two researchers interviewing locals in the mountains
In post-quake Nepal, language provides window into 'invisible damage'
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This is an NSF Discoveries item.]]> http://www.nsf.gov/discoveries/disc_summ.jsp?cntn_id=138469&WT.mc_id=USNSF_1 <![CDATA[Evidence points to widespread loss of ocean oxygen by 2030s]]> http://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=138396&WT.mc_id=USNSF_1 crabs and fish on the bottom seafloor

Climate change has caused a drop in the amount of oxygen dissolved in the oceans in some parts of the world, and those effects should become evident across large parts of the ocean between 2030 and 2040, according to a new study led by researchers at the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) in Boulder, Colorado.

Scientists expected a warming climate to sap oceans of oxygen, leaving fish, crabs, squid, sea stars, and other marine life struggling to breathe. But they had ...
More at http://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=138396&WT.mc_id=USNSF_1

This is an NSF Discoveries item.]]> http://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=138396&WT.mc_id=USNSF_1 <![CDATA[Math without numbers]]> http://www.nsf.gov/discoveries/disc_summ.jsp?cntn_id=138447&WT.mc_id=USNSF_1 woman holding a baby touching a screen
Researchers show humans and other animals can understand quantities, even without language
More at http://www.nsf.gov/discoveries/disc_summ.jsp?cntn_id=138447&WT.mc_id=USNSF_1

This is an NSF Discoveries item.]]> http://www.nsf.gov/discoveries/disc_summ.jsp?cntn_id=138447&WT.mc_id=USNSF_1 <![CDATA[Too much algae -- and too many microbes -- threaten coral reefs]]> http://www.nsf.gov/discoveries/disc_summ.jsp?cntn_id=138378&WT.mc_id=USNSF_1 Fish swimming by a healthy coral reef in the Line Islands in the central Pacific Ocean.
'Microbialization' destroys reef habitats
More at http://www.nsf.gov/discoveries/disc_summ.jsp?cntn_id=138378&WT.mc_id=USNSF_1

This is an NSF Discoveries item.]]> http://www.nsf.gov/discoveries/disc_summ.jsp?cntn_id=138378&WT.mc_id=USNSF_1 <![CDATA[Outwitting poachers with artificial intelligence]]> http://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=138271&WT.mc_id=USNSF_1 group of patrollers in the forest

A century ago, more than 60,000 tigers roamed the wild. Today, the worldwide estimate has dwindled to around 3,200.

Poaching is one of the main drivers of this precipitous drop. Whether killed for skins, medicine or trophy hunting, humans have pushed tigers to near-extinction. The same applies to other large animal species like elephants and rhinoceros that play unique and crucial roles in the ecosystems where they live.

Human patrols serve as the most direct form of ...
More at http://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=138271&WT.mc_id=USNSF_1

This is an NSF Discoveries item.]]> http://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=138271&WT.mc_id=USNSF_1 <![CDATA[Newly discovered baby Titanosaur sheds light on dinosaurs' early lives]]> http://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=138275&WT.mc_id=USNSF_1 A baby Rapetosaurus stands alongside a dog, elephant, rhino and hippo

Long-necked sauropod dinosaurs include the largest animals ever to walk on land, but they hatched from eggs no bigger than a soccer ball.

A lack of young sauropod fossils, however, has left the earliest lives of these giants shrouded in mystery. Did they require parental care after hatching like some other dinosaurs, or were they self-reliant?

Research funded by the National Science Foundation (NSF) and led by Kristi Curry Rogers of Macalester College in St. Paul, Minnesota, ...
More at http://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=138275&WT.mc_id=USNSF_1

This is an NSF Discoveries item.]]> http://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=138275&WT.mc_id=USNSF_1

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