NSF Discoveries http://www.nsf.gov/discoveries/ Discoveries posted on the NSF website, http://www.nsf.gov. en Mon, 08 Feb 2016 05:01:29 EST <![CDATA[Multinational companies perform majority of U.S. business R&D]]> http://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=137590&WT.mc_id=USNSF_1 graphic showing a city skyline

Multinational companies perform the majority of all research and development (R&D) done by companies located in the United States, according to a new report from the National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics (NCSES).

In 2010, U.S.-located businesses performed $279 billion in R&D. Seventy-one percent of that, or $197 billion, was performed by the parents of U.S. multinational companies. Their share of ...
More at http://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=137590&WT.mc_id=USNSF_1

This is an NSF Discoveries item.]]> http://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=137590&WT.mc_id=USNSF_1 <![CDATA[Southwest sliding into a new normal: drier conditions]]> http://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=137574&WT.mc_id=USNSF_1 hills, plants and dry land in the southwestern U.S.

The weather patterns that typically bring moisture to the Southwest are becoming more rare, an indication that the region is sliding into the drier climate state predicted by global models, according to a new study.

"A normal year in the Southwest is now drier than it once was," said Andreas Prein, a researcher at the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) in Boulder, Colorado, who led the study. "If you have a drought nowadays, it will be more severe because our base state ...
More at http://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=137574&WT.mc_id=USNSF_1

This is an NSF Discoveries item.]]> http://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=137574&WT.mc_id=USNSF_1 <![CDATA[The profound power of loneliness]]> http://www.nsf.gov/discoveries/disc_summ.jsp?cntn_id=137534&WT.mc_id=USNSF_1 woman looking out of the window
Depression, dementia and even some useful effects: Research examines how loneliness affects the social human brain
More at http://www.nsf.gov/discoveries/disc_summ.jsp?cntn_id=137534&WT.mc_id=USNSF_1

This is an NSF Discoveries item.]]> http://www.nsf.gov/discoveries/disc_summ.jsp?cntn_id=137534&WT.mc_id=USNSF_1 <![CDATA[Feeding birds in your local park? If they're white ibises in Florida, think twice]]> http://www.nsf.gov/discoveries/disc_summ.jsp?cntn_id=137557&WT.mc_id=USNSF_1 White ibises flock
White ibises may transmit diseases like salmonellosis
More at http://www.nsf.gov/discoveries/disc_summ.jsp?cntn_id=137557&WT.mc_id=USNSF_1

This is an NSF Discoveries item.]]> http://www.nsf.gov/discoveries/disc_summ.jsp?cntn_id=137557&WT.mc_id=USNSF_1 <![CDATA[NSF awards rapid response grants to study current El Niño, one of the strongest on record]]> http://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=137507&WT.mc_id=USNSF_1 aerial view of NSF's Mo'orea Coral Reef Long-Term Ecological Research site

El Niño: What effect will it have on weather, on flooding and landslides, and on economically important coastal ecosystems?

To find answers to these and other questions about the El Niño now underway, the National Science Foundation (NSF)'s Directorate for Geosciences has awarded 12 rapid response grants (RAPIDs) for studies on topics from coral reefs, to landslides, to ice cap snow that contains records of past El Niños. More grants will be awarded in coming ...
More at http://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=137507&WT.mc_id=USNSF_1

This is an NSF Discoveries item.]]> http://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=137507&WT.mc_id=USNSF_1 <![CDATA[Do bigger brains make smarter carnivores?]]> http://www.nsf.gov/discoveries/disc_summ.jsp?cntn_id=137377&WT.mc_id=USNSF_1 A bat-eared fox tries to open a puzzle box during an experiment to test intelligence.
Scientists confirm that species with larger brain size are more intelligent
More at http://www.nsf.gov/discoveries/disc_summ.jsp?cntn_id=137377&WT.mc_id=USNSF_1

This is an NSF Discoveries item.]]> http://www.nsf.gov/discoveries/disc_summ.jsp?cntn_id=137377&WT.mc_id=USNSF_1 <![CDATA[U.S. R&D increased in 2013, well ahead of the pace of gross domestic product]]> http://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=137426&WT.mc_id=USNSF_1 robotic arm in a factory

U.S. expenditures in research and development (R&D) rose to $456.1 billion in 2013 -- a $20.7 billion increase over the previous year, according to a report from the National Science Foundation's National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics.

The R&D system in the U.S. includes multiple performers, including businesses, the federal government, non-federal government, universities and colleges, and other ...
More at http://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=137426&WT.mc_id=USNSF_1

This is an NSF Discoveries item.]]> http://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=137426&WT.mc_id=USNSF_1 <![CDATA[New NSF special report: Let It Snow! The Science of Winter]]> http://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=137152&WT.mc_id=USNSF_1 screenshot of website showing a snowflake and text let it snow the science of winter

Snow -- that icon of winter -- blankets the land with a beautiful silence. Love it or hate it, we all depend on snow. Our year-round water supply largely comes from snowmelt.

But we're not the only ones who need snow.

Species from microscopic fungi to 800-pound-moose require it as much, if not more. They survive the winter by living in nature's igloo: snow.

And spring's profusion of flowers? They're fertilized by nutrients in snow.

If you're planning to skate ...
More at http://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=137152&WT.mc_id=USNSF_1

This is an NSF Discoveries item.]]> http://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=137152&WT.mc_id=USNSF_1 <![CDATA[Immigrants play increasing role in U.S. science and engineering workforce]]> http://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=137354&WT.mc_id=USNSF_1 two people working in a lab

From 2003 to 2013, the number of scientists and engineers residing in the United States rose from 21.6 million to 29 million. This 10-year increase included significant growth in the number of immigrant scientists and engineers, from 3.4 million to 5.2 million.

Immigrants went from making up 16 percent of the science and engineering workforce to 18 percent, according to a report from the National Science Foundation's National ...
More at http://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=137354&WT.mc_id=USNSF_1

This is an NSF Discoveries item.]]> http://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=137354&WT.mc_id=USNSF_1 <![CDATA[Colorado high peaks losing glaciers as climate warms]]> http://www.nsf.gov/discoveries/disc_summ.jsp?cntn_id=137309&WT.mc_id=USNSF_1 Researchers with equipment on mountain at NSF's Niwot Ridge LTER site.
Ice disappears faster in drought years
More at http://www.nsf.gov/discoveries/disc_summ.jsp?cntn_id=137309&WT.mc_id=USNSF_1

This is an NSF Discoveries item.]]> http://www.nsf.gov/discoveries/disc_summ.jsp?cntn_id=137309&WT.mc_id=USNSF_1 <![CDATA[Scientists discover how blue and green clays kill bacteria]]> http://www.nsf.gov/discoveries/disc_summ.jsp?cntn_id=137239&WT.mc_id=USNSF_1 hands holding a pot with natural clay
May be new answer to MRSA, other 'superbug' infections
More at http://www.nsf.gov/discoveries/disc_summ.jsp?cntn_id=137239&WT.mc_id=USNSF_1

This is an NSF Discoveries item.]]> http://www.nsf.gov/discoveries/disc_summ.jsp?cntn_id=137239&WT.mc_id=USNSF_1 <![CDATA[After the Lecture]]> http://www.nsf.gov/discoveries/disc_summ.jsp?cntn_id=137319&WT.mc_id=USNSF_1 MSU nuclear astrophysicist Hendrik Schatz
Nuclear astrophysicist Hendrik Schatz on chemistry exploits, chemical 'fossils,' and why fundamental science leads to so many important discoveries
More at http://www.nsf.gov/discoveries/disc_summ.jsp?cntn_id=137319&WT.mc_id=USNSF_1

This is an NSF Discoveries item.]]> http://www.nsf.gov/discoveries/disc_summ.jsp?cntn_id=137319&WT.mc_id=USNSF_1 <![CDATA[Peering into the secret world of life beneath winter snows]]> http://www.nsf.gov/discoveries/disc_summ.jsp?cntn_id=136986&WT.mc_id=USNSF_1 illustration showing plants and animals under snow
Snow sustains species from frogs to birds to mammals in winter and beyond
More at http://www.nsf.gov/discoveries/disc_summ.jsp?cntn_id=136986&WT.mc_id=USNSF_1

This is an NSF Discoveries item.]]> http://www.nsf.gov/discoveries/disc_summ.jsp?cntn_id=136986&WT.mc_id=USNSF_1 <![CDATA[Scientists discover that salty sea spray affects clouds]]> http://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=136822&WT.mc_id=USNSF_1 Oceans send plumes of sea spray into the atmosphere as waves hit a rocky coast

All over the planet, every day, oceans send plumes of sea spray into the atmosphere. Beyond the poetry of crashing ocean waves, this salt- and carbon-rich spray also has a dramatic effect on cloud formation and duration.

In a new paper published this week in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Colorado State University atmospheric scientist Paul DeMott finds that sea spray is a unique, underappreciated source of what are called ice nucleating ...
More at http://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=136822&WT.mc_id=USNSF_1

This is an NSF Discoveries item.]]> http://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=136822&WT.mc_id=USNSF_1 <![CDATA[Making mobile health effective and secure]]> http://www.nsf.gov/discoveries/disc_summ.jsp?cntn_id=137188&WT.mc_id=USNSF_1 medical staff working on a machine
Interdisciplinary project working to design security measures for wearables, hospitals and homes
More at http://www.nsf.gov/discoveries/disc_summ.jsp?cntn_id=137188&WT.mc_id=USNSF_1

This is an NSF Discoveries item.]]> http://www.nsf.gov/discoveries/disc_summ.jsp?cntn_id=137188&WT.mc_id=USNSF_1

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