Skills training is an important mission of The University of Alabama School of Law. One critical component of the school’s professional skills curriculum is its seven law clinics — the Capital Defense Law Clinic, Civil Law Clinic, Community Development Law Clinic, Criminal Defense Law Clinic, Domestic Violence Law Clinic, Elder Law Clinic, and Mediation Law Clinic. These clinics provide free legal assistance to needy individuals and community organizations and offer students an opportunity to represent real clients in a variety of substantive areas including civil litigation, consumer law, criminal law, domestic relations, elder law, nonprofit organizations law, and others. The Law School guarantees every interested student the opportunity to participate in at least one law clinic before graduating, one of the few schools in the country that makes such a guarantee.
The school’s first law clinic was started in 1970 when two third-year law students obtained a small grant from the state to help start the program. The clinic’s first cases were typical poverty law cases, mostly domestic relations and landlord-tenant, although it did manage to sue the state agency that provided its initial funding, with the predictable result that the grant was terminated. Nevertheless, an alternate source of funding was found and today that small clinical program has grown to encompass up to 60 students each semester, all housed in a new 11,500 square foot state-of-the-art law office.
Law clinics help second and third-year students develop the tools they need to serve clients, the profession, and society. All of the law school’s law clinics have dual goals: to provide hands-on training in the professional skills and values needed for the successful, ethical practice of law and to provide free legal assistance to needy residents and nonprofit or governmental organizations in Alabama. Training in professional skills and values is accomplished by placing the law clinic student, as much as possible, into the role of attorney on the case under the close supervision of experienced law school faculty. Thus, with the client’s consent and as allowed under the state’s student practice rule, students are the primary or “first chair” attorneys on most cases. As student attorneys, they are given responsibility for client interviewing and counseling, case planning and management, factual investigation, legal research, drafting pleadings, briefs and other legal documents, negotiations, alternative dispute resolution, settlement, and trial and appellate advocacy. In the process of taking responsibility for actual cases, students move from observers to participants in the legal system and learn to integrate substantive law, procedures, and ethics with the professional skills needed for all aspects of their professional lives. Clinics help students develop the self-confidence needed to practice effectively in a competitive, fast-paced field. Clinics also assist students in understanding and fulfilling their ethical obligations as attorneys.
The University of Alabama School of Law offers a varied array of clinical choices to ensure that students can take advantage of this opportunity and of the school’s guarantee of at least one clinical experience. Most students describe their law clinic experience as one of the most significant components of their legal education. Together, the students in the school’s six law clinics provide approximately 15,000 hours of free legal assistance each year to needy individuals and organizations; clinic faculty and staff provide over 10,000 hours of additional assistance. Annually, over 1,500 individuals and organizations are aided by law clinic program students and staff. As the only public law school in Alabama, The University of Alabama School of Law is dedicated, through its law school clinics, both to ensuring that the next generation of lawyers are well trained in the skills necessary for the successful practice of law and to helping fulfill the bar’s mission to provide competent legal services for all persons.
Capital Defense Clinic
Students in this clinic assist counsel representing individuals who are facing capital charges or have been sentenced to death.
Civil Law Clinic
Students provide free legal advice and representation to university students in civil cases and to members of the community unable to secure legal services, through referral or by application on case by case basis.
Community Development Clinic
Students provide legal assistance to individuals and non-profit or community organizations seeking to improve the economic, cultural, social, or environmental well-being of disadvantaged or underserved communities.
Criminal Defense Clinic
Students represent indigent clients through the Tuscaloosa County Public Defender’s Office in all phases of the criminal justice system.
Domestic Violence Clinic
Students provide free legal assistance to victims of domestic violence, sexual assault, and stalking in a seven county area of West Alabama.
Elder Law Clinic
Students represent individuals aged 60 and over in matters such as Medicare, Medicaid and other public benefits; protection from abuse, neglect, and exploitation; advance directives and durable powers of attorney; the drafting of wills; consumer fraud; and a broad array of other civil matters.
Mediation Law Clinic
Students provide individuals with free mediation services who have cases in family courts in Tuscaloosa County, Alabama.