ERS research focuses on the economic, social, spatial, and demographic factors that affect the income and poverty status of rural residents and their participation in Federal assistance programs. ( Food and nutrition assistance topics are covered in depth elsewhere on the ERS website.)
Topics include the following:
Overview of rural poverty, including an historical look at poverty rates, child poverty, and deep poverty.
- The geography of poverty, including analysis of poverty in a regional context, maps of the incidence/severity of poverty, and the geographic persistence of poverty over decades.
- The demographics of poverty, including the breakdown of rural/urban poverty by race, family structure, and age.
Child poverty, including analysis of their poverty by age and depth, family type, region, race/ethnicity, and county-level geography.
Income of rural/urban residents, including recent trends in real median household income.
Transfer payments to rural/urban residents, including the proportion and sources of income coming from government sources.
A nice summary of rural poverty and income topics (among other rural issues) is found in Rural America At A Glance, updated in the fall of each year.