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NAFTA, Canada & Mexico

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Congressionally Mandated NAFTA Report


The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) is a comprehensive trade liberalizing agreement among Canada, Mexico, and the United States. NAFTA progressively eliminated almost all tariff and quota barriers to agricultural and other trade among these countries over the 1994-2008 transition period. The agreement also facilitates cross-border investment, requires that sanitary and phytosanitary standards for trade be scientifically based, and expands cooperation on environment and labor issues.

ERS was the principal USDA agency involved in the preparation of the Department's Congressionally mandated NAFTA reports from 1997 to 2011. Currently, ERS conducts research on a variety of topics related to NAFTA, Canada, and Mexico, including issues affecting U.S.-Canada and U.S.-Mexico agricultural trade, specific sectors within Canadian and Mexican agriculture, ideas for furthering the integration of the NAFTA countries' agricultural sectors, and cross-border transportation issues.  ERS also provides links to current and historical data on the production, supply, distribution, and trade of the NAFTA countries.

Congressionally Mandated NAFTA Report

The North American Free Trade Agreement Implementation Act required that the Secretary of Agriculture to report to the U.S. Congress from 1997 to 2011 about the effects of NAFTA on U.S. agricultural producers and rural communities.

The 2011 NAFTA report discusses the accord's impact on the integration of the agricultural sectors of the member countries and the possibilities for advancing this process now that NAFTA's project of agricultural trade liberalization is complete.

Previous NAFTA reports, along with ERS research conducted prior to the agreement, offer extensive insights into the accord's impact on U.S. agriculture.

Last updated: Tuesday, November 27, 2012

For more information contact: Steven Zahniser

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