- Japan, with a population of about 125 million, is a major importer of agricultural products.
- Japan's mountainous topography limits the total area available for farming, and the farm area is divided into holdings that are too small to produce most foods efficiently in a modern, urban economy.
- Japan protects key sectors of its agricultural production with tariffs, which have contributed to high food costs in Japan.
- Despite the protection, Japan imports over $30 billion in agricultural products each year, one-third from the United States, the leading supplier of Japan's agricultural imports.
- Japan is one of the largest export markets for U.S. agriculture.
ERS analyzes important aspects of Japan's food and agricultural sectors and the policies that affect Japan's role in world agricultural trade.