China is the world's most populous country and one of the largest producers and consumers of agricultural products. China's population is over 4 times that of the United States, but its cropland area is only 75 percent of the U.S. total. China uses intensive farming practices to produce large amounts of food and fiber from limited supplies of land, water, and other natural resources. The value of China's agricultural output is more than three times the U.S. total. China is one of the world's leading importers of agricultural products, but it is also a major exporter of many agricultural commodities
Perry-Castañeda Library Map Collection (China maps) - University of Texas collection.
More information on China's food and agriculture:
China-United States statistical comparison
Population, 2010 (million) 1/
Cropland, 2008 (million acres) 1/
Cultivated cropland per agricultural worker, 2008 (acres) 2/
Agricultural gross receipts, 2010 (billion dollars) 3/
Gross Domestic Product from agriculture, forestry and fisheries, 2010 (billion dollars)
Agricultural exports, 2010 (billion dollars) 4/
Agricultural imports, 2010 (billion dollars) 4/
2/ Calculations based on census data and labor force statistics on employment in agriculture, forestry, and fisheries.
3/ Gross value of crop and livestock receipts. China value converted to U.S. dollars at the official exchange rate.
4/ U.S. data from USDA, Foreign Agricultural Service and China customs data analyzed by ERS. Data are for calendar years.