Topics Topics
Image: International Markets & Trade

Basic Information

China is the world's most populous country and one of the largest producers and consumers of agricultural products. China's population is over 4 times that of the United States, but its cropland area is only 75 percent of the U.S. total. China uses intensive farming practices to produce large amounts of food and fiber from limited supplies of land, water, and other natural resources. The value of China's agricultural output is more than three times the U.S. total. China is one of the world's leading importers of agricultural products, but it is also a major exporter of many agricultural commodities

Perry-Castañeda Library Map Collection (China maps) - University of Texas collection.

More information on China's food and agriculture:

China-United States statistical comparison

Item

China

United States

Population, 2010 (million) 1/

1,340

307

Cropland, 2008 (million acres) 1/

301

406

Cultivated cropland per agricultural worker, 2008 (acres) 2/

1

310

Agricultural gross receipts, 2010 (billion dollars) 3/

1,024

341

Gross Domestic Product from agriculture, forestry and fisheries, 2010 (billion dollars)

599

154

Agricultural exports, 2010 (billion dollars) 4/

36

119

Agricultural imports, 2010 (billion dollars) 4/   
68
86

1/Census data.
2/ Calculations based on census data and labor force statistics on employment in agriculture, forestry, and fisheries.
3/ Gross value of crop and livestock receipts. China value converted to U.S. dollars at the official exchange rate.
4/ U.S. data from USDA, Foreign Agricultural Service and China customs data analyzed by ERS. Data are for calendar years.

Last updated: Wednesday, May 30, 2012

For more information contact: Fred Gale

Text Only Options

Top of page


Text Only Options

Open the original version of this page.

Usablenet Assistive is a UsableNet product. Usablenet Assistive Main Page.