The Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children, commonly known as the WIC program, serves to safeguard the health of low-income women, infants, and children younger than 5 who are at nutritional risk. As the third largest food and nutrition assistance program, WIC served nearly 9 million participants per month in fiscal 2011, including almost half of all infants born in the United States. Federal program costs for WIC were $7.2 billion in fiscal 2011.
ERS conducts and funds studies and evaluations of the WIC program and other USDA domestic food and nutrition assistance programs.
Information about program eligibility requirements, benefits, and application process is available from USDA's Food and Nutrition Service, the agency that administers the WIC program.