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Food Markets & Prices


Consumer Price Index (CPI)
The Consumer Price Index (CPI) for food is probably the most widely used indicator of changes in retail food prices. ERS regularly updates food price forecasts for the short-term period.

Food Prices, Expenditures & Costs
ERS develops and monitors indicators of individual, household, and market-level food consumption, prices, expenditures, food marketing costs, and farm-to-retail price spreads.

Food Service Industry
ERS research examines the size of the foodservice market, major market segments, and recent issues related to the foodservice industry.

Local Foods
ERS research on local food systems explores alternative definitions of local food, estimates market size and reach, describes the characteristics of local consumers and producers, and examines economic and health impacts of local food systems.

Processing & Marketing
ERS monitors key developments and trends across the U.S. food marketing system.

Retailing & Wholesaling
ERS research on trends and developments in wholesale sales and in traditional and nontraditional retail food stores.


Last updated: Thursday, June 20, 2013

For more information contact: Stephen Martinez, Hayden Stewart, and Richard Volpe

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