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Biofuel Feedstock & Coproduct Market Data



Related Reports

USDA closely monitors markets for many commodities, including corn and soybeans--important feedstocks for ethanol and biodiesel, respectively. Below is a collection of data sources on production, consumption, prices, and trade in feedstocks, coproducts, and the biofuels themselves. Please note that, currently, cellulosic ethanol is not yet widely manufactured or commercially available in the United States. Therefore, only grain ethanol data are presented here.

Ethanol

Biodiesel

University and Commercial Sources

Ethanol Production and Use

USDA, Agricultural Long-Term Projections. These annual reports include some specific features on bioenergy and explicit projections for corn ethanol and soybean-based biodiesel.

U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), alternative fuels reports.

  • Fuels data. Use of ethanol as a fuel and oxygenate and U.S. ethanol production and consumption, as well as State-level and global ethanol production.

DOE, Energy Information Administration (EIA), historical energy data.

  • Petroleum Navigator, Oxygenate Production. Annual and monthly data for production of fuel ethanol and methyl tertiary butyl ether (MTBE) for the United States and five regions. Historical data is available back to 1981.
  • Weekly Petroleum Status Report Table 9. U.S. and PAD District Weekly Estimates Weekly data on production, trade, use, and stocks of fuel ethanol for the United States and five regions. Historical is data available back to June 2010 when the series originated.

DOE, EIA, Forecasts and Analyses. Analyses and projections of energy information.

  • Ethanol. Information, data, and analysis related to ethanol.
  • Annual Energy Outlook. Long-term projections of renewable energy consumption (including ethanol) by sector.

U.S. Department of Transportation, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, National Transportation Statistics. Quarterly statistics on the U.S. transportation system. Data on ethanol and biodiesel are available in Chapter 4 ("Transportation, Energy, and the Environment"), Section B ("Transportation Energy Consumption by Mode"), Table 4-10--Estimated Consumption of Alternative and Replacement Fuels for Highway Vehicles.

U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract, Energy and Utilities. A variety of data on conventional and renewable energy.

International Energy Agency, Statistics, Renewables. Aggregate renewable energy production and consumption statistics by country. Specify the country or region of interest in the pull-down menus. Aggregated data are reported for "primary solid biomass" and "liquid biofuels," among other categories.

European Commission, Eurostat, Environment and Energy. Consumption and price data on biofuels. On the "Data" tab, follow the expanding menus to find the data of interest. For example, "Environment and Energy > Energy > Energy Statistics--Quantities" contains supply, transformation, and consumption data on biofuels.

Ethanol Prices

USDA, Agricultural Marketing Service (AMS), market news reports.

  • Bioenergy Market News Reports. The ethanol plant reports and the ethanol corn and coproducts processing values reports include ethanol price and yield data.

DOE, EERE, Alternative Fuel Price Report. Reports prices for alternative transportation fuels in the United States, including different blends of biodiesel and ethanol, as well as petroleum fuels for comparison. Click on the publication date of interest and scroll through the document to find the fuel/location data.

Agricultural Marketing Resource, Renewable Energy. Ethanol, corn, and DDG prices are collected and updated monthly. In the lefthand column, click on "Ethanol" and then "Prices, Trends, and Markets." The "Ethanol, Corn, and DDGs Prices at Production Facility by State" spreadsheet includes data for ethanol, corn, and DDGs in several States. Futures prices are available by clicking on "Ethanol Futures Prices, Cash Prices, and Basis by State."

State of Nebraska, Nebraska Energy Office, Ethanol and Unleaded Gasoline Average Rack Prices. Ethanol and unleaded gasoline rack prices (wholesale truckload sales or smaller where title transfers at a terminal), f.o.b. (free on board) Omaha, monthly and annual average, 1982 to present.

Ethanol Imports and Exports

Note: Because of different methods of calculation (e.g., levels of aggregation) and different sources, these sources of trade data will not always be consistent with one another.

USDA, ERS, Feed Grains Database. Trade data for ethyl alcohol (ethanol).

  • Or use the Feed Grains Custom Queries.
    • In Step 1, select "Exports and Imports."
    • In Step 2, select either "Imports" or "Exports and Shipments" if you want data for total U.S. trade. Or select "Imports to U.S. from specified source" or "Exports from U.S. to specified destination" if you want country-level data.
    • In Step 3, select "Ethyl Alcohol."
    • Then select your data frequency (market year, monthly, or quarterly), countries (for country-level data), and year(s).

USDA, Foreign Agricultural Service (FAS), Global Agricultural Trade System (GATS). Searchable database that provides monthly or annual import and export data for ethyl alcohol for nonbeverage purposes by country.

  • From the main page, select "standard query," and then either "Exports" or "Imports-Consumption" under "Product Type," Under "Product Groups," select "Harmonized (HS-10)."
  • Under the "Products," select "22 - Beverages, Spirits and Vinegar" and click on "List Selected Chapters." Choose the countries or regions of interest, units, and time period.
  • Then select codes 2207106000 (undenatured) and 2207200000 (denatured) for data prior to 2012. For data beginning January 2012, use HS codes 2207106010 (ethyl alcohol, undenatured, of an alcoholic strength by volume of 80 percent or higher, for fuel use) and 2207200010 (ethyl alcohol and other spirits, denatured, of any strength, for fuel use).
  • Click "Retrieve Data."

U.S. International Trade Commission (ITC), Interactive Tariff and Trade DataWeb. International trade data for 1989 to the present on a monthly, quarterly, annual, or year-to-date basis. Provides ethanol import data and offers ability to extract ethanol imports destined for fuel transportation use based on rate provision codes from 1996 to June 2008 and new 10-digit Harmonized Tariff Schedule (HTS) codes as of July 2008.

  • Clicking on ITC Trade DataWeb and create a free account. For import data from 1996 to June 2008, follow the steps below for 8-digit HTS codes. For July 2008 and thereafter, use the new 10-digit HTS codes (2207106010 for undenatured ethanol and 22072010 for denatured ethanol); it is not necessary to distinguish between rate provision codes.
  • First, on the Main Menu under "Create a New Query/Report" and "Select Classification System for List and Display," select "HTS Items" under the "Advanced Searching" category. Leave the other defaults in place and select "Proceed with New Query."
  • On the next screen (Query Design Page):
    • In the "Select the Data to Report" box (left side of page), choose "First Unit of Quantity" and other desired variables. (Hold down your Ctrl key to select more than one item.)
    • Under the "Select Aggregate Level & Type" box (right side of page), be sure to select "Aggregate all Commodities."
    • Click on the "Create a New Commodity List" (left side of page). In the new box, choose "HTS8Imports,"  or "HTS10 Imports" and click on "Select Commodity Level."
  • On the next screen:
    • Create a name (e.g., ethanol) and click on "Make a New List."
    • Then, select "22 - Beverages, Spirits, and Vinegar" in the top box and click on "Show Items."
    • Under the "List of HTS8(or HTS10) Numbers for Selection," choose "2207.10.60 (10)" and "2207.20.00 (10)" (hold down the Ctrl key to choose more than one item).
    • To the left, click on the "Copy Number."
    • Once the numbers appear in the "Current list," click on "Return to Query Design Page."
  • On the Query Design Page:
    • In the "Select Years to display" box, select the year of data you require.
    • In the "Select All Commodities or a Pre-Defined List" box, select the name you have given for your predefined list.
    • To the right of that, in the "Select Aggregate Level & Type" box, "Aggregate all Commodities" should be the default.
    • For full country detail, in the "Select All Countries or a Pre-defined List" box, select "All Countries."
    • In the "Special Import Programs" box, select "All Country Sub Codes."
    • In the "Extended Special Import Programs (1997 to present)" box, select "All Extended Country Sub Codes."
    • In the "Rate Provision Codes" box, leave "All Rate Provision Codes (default)" as the default.
    • To the right of that, in the "Select Rate Provision Code Aggregation" box, select "Display Rate Provision Codes Separately."
    • In the "District of Entry" box, select "All Districts."
    • To the right of that, in the "Select a District Aggregation" box, select "Aggregate All Districts Together."
    • Click on "Proceed to Next Step."
  • On the Query Layout Page, pick "units," "country," and,  "rate provision code" in that order and click "Proceed to Next Step."
  • On the Sort Order Page, accept the defaults or revise your choices. Then click on "Run Report." Prior to July 2008, data associated with Rate Provision Codes 19, 69, and 79 are ethanol for fuel transportation use. The data does not include imports from U.S. insular possessions.

DOE, EIA, Petroleum Publications, Company Level Imports. Data on petroleum products, including ethanol, imported by companies into the United States. Click on "Company Level Imports" for a spreadsheet with the most recent data.

European Commission, Eurostat, Environment and Energy. Import and export data on biofuels. On the "Statistic" tab, follow the expanding menus to find the data of interest. "Environment and Energy > Energy > Energy Statistics--Quantities" contains imports (by country of origin) and exports (by country of destination).

Ethanol Feedstocks

USDA, ERS, Feed Outlook. Monthly analyses of world and U.S. production, consumption, trade, stocks, and prices for feed grains (focusing on corn). "Table 1--Feed grains: Marketing year supply and disappearance" and "Table 5--Corn: Food and industrial uses" include estimates for the current marketing year.

USDA, ERS, Feed Grains Database. Supply, disappearance, trade, and prices for corn.

  • For historical data on corn used for fuel alcohol, use the Feed Grains Custom Queries.
    • In Step 1, select "Supply and Use."
    • In Step 2, select "Utilization, in alcohol for fuel."
    • Corn is the only commodity available in Step 3.
    • Select data frequency (market year or quarterly) and year(s).

USDA, ERS, Agricultural Baseline Database. Longrun, 10-year projections for major field crops and livestock from USDA's annual baseline report, which is published annually in February. Customized projections for ethanol can be created by selecting "Corn" in "Commodity" box and "Ethanol for fuel" in the "Attribute" box.

USDA, AMS, Bioenergy Market News Reports. The corn and corn coproducts processing values reports include weekly data on corn prices and coproduct values.

Ethanol Coproducts

USDA, ERS, Feed Yearbook. Trade data for brewers' and distillers' dregs and wastes (the distillers' dried grains from ethanol plants). See Table 34-U.S. exports of brewers' and distillers' dregs and waste by selected destinations and Table 35-U.S. imports of brewers' and distillers' dregs and waste by selected sources.

USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS), Ethanol Co-Products Used For Livestock Feed. Survey of beef, dairy, and hog producers in 12 Midwestern States to determine use of distillers grains, essential feed characteristics, and concerns keeping producers from using distillers grains. Data on feed per animal and average price per ton are in the "Co-Products Fed by Type" table on pages 3 and 4.

USDA, AMS, market news reports.

  • Bioenergy Market News Reports.
    • The ethanol corn and coproducts processing values reports provide weekly yield and price data for distillers dried grains (DDGs) and the difference between the corn price and coproduct value.
    • Ethanol plant reports quote offers for dried, wet, and modified wet distillers grains.
    • National Weekly Ethanol Summary. PDF icon (16x16) Synthesizes DDGs prices into one report.

U.S. Department of Commerce; U.S. Census Bureau; Manufacturing, Mining, and Construction Statistics; Current Industrial Reports   .

  • M311J Fats and Oils: Oilseed Crushing. Data on corn use for meal, feed, and aggregate reported distillers grains. This series was discontinued in August 2011.
    • In the monthly reports, corn product data are in Table 4b.
    • In the monthly summaries, corn product data are reported in Table 4.

Biodiesel Production and Use

USDA, ERS, Oil Crops Outlook. Monthly and annual U.S. disappearance of methyl esters from soybeans (a proxy for soybean-oil based biodiesel production) are in Table 3-Soybean oil: U.S. supply and disappearance. Excel icon (16x16)

USDA, ERS, Agricultural Long-Term Projections. These annual reports include some specific features on bioenergy and explicit projections for corn ethanol and soybean-based biodiesel.

U.S. Department of Commerce; U.S. Census Bureau; Manufacturing, Mining, and Construction Statistics; Current Industrial Reports.

  • 311K Fats and Oils: Production, Consumption, and Stocks. (After) 2005, methyl esters produced from different categories of oils, fats, and greases are broken out as a separate category under "inedible products" in the monthly and annual reports. This series was discontinued in August 2011.
    • Table 3a contains data on total quantity consumed.
    • Table 4 (Table 4a in the annual report) contains data on production, consumption, and stocks.

U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract, Energy and Utilities. Includes a variety of data on conventional and renewable energy.

DOE, EERE, alternative fuels reports.

  • Fuels data. U.S. biodiesel production estimates. Under the "Trends" heading, click on "U.S. Biodiesel Production."

DOE, EIA, Annual Energy Review. Historical annual energy statistics. Section 10 is Renewable Energy. The "Fuel Ethanol Overview and Biodiesel Overview" is in Section 10.3 and 10.4.

International Energy Agency, Statistics, Renewables. Aggregate renewable energy production and consumption statistics by country. Specify the country or region of interest in the pull-down menus. Aggregated data are reported for "primary solid biomass" and "liquid biofuels," among other categories.

Biodiesel Prices

USDA, AMS, market news reports.

DOE, EERE, alternative fuel reports. Semi-annual data on biodiesel prices. PDF icon (16x16)

  • Alternative Fuel Price Report. Reported prices for alternative transportation fuels in the United States, including different blends of biodiesel and ethanol, as well as petroleum fuels for comparison. Click on the publication date of interest and scroll through the document to find the fuel/location data.
  • Fuels data. U.S. biodiesel price estimates. Under the "Fuel" heading, click on "Average Retail Fuel Prices in the U.S."

Biodiesel Feedstocks

USDA, ERS, Oil Crops Outlook. Supply, disappearance, trade, and prices of soybean oil, a main feedstock for U.S. biodiesel.

University and Commercial Sources

Sun Grant BioWeb. The Sun Grant Initiative is a federally funded initiative among universities and Federal laboratories to coordinate research efforts related to a "biobased economy." The initiative comprises representatives from five Regional Centers, including many universities. Click on the regional center of interest to learn more about participating institutions and the data they offer.

CME Group Energy Products. Current and historical ethanol prices, as well as the Ethanol Outlook Report, which contains information regarding ethanol trading.

Renewable Fuels Association. Information on U.S. and global ethanol production, U.S. ethanol capacity, plant locations, and other indicators.

National Biodiesel Board. Articles and reports on biodiesel-related topics, including estimates of U.S. biodiesel operating capacity and use.

Last updated: Wednesday, October 24, 2012

For more information contact: Thomas Capehart and Utpal Vasavada

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