Cotton is one of the most important textile fibers in the world, accounting for around 35 percent of total world fiber use. While some 80 countries from around the globe produce cotton, the United States, China, and India together provide two-thirds of the world's cotton. The United States, which ranks third in production behind China and India, is the leading exporter, accounting for over one-third of global trade in raw cotton. The U.S. cotton industry accounts for more than $25 billion in products and services annually, generating about 200,000 jobs in the industry sectors from farm to textile mill.
ERS analyzes events in the U.S. and international cotton and textile markets that influence supply, demand, prices, and trade.