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Nutrition and Health Characteristics of Low-Income Populations: Volume II, WIC Participants and Nonparticipants

by Nancy Cole, Mary Kay Fox, and Biing-Hwan Lin

Electronic Publications from the Food Assistance & Nutrition Research Program No. (EFAN-04014-2) 195 pp, December 2004

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Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES-III), conducted in 1988-94, were used to compare the nutrition and health characteristics of participants and nonparticipants in the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC). This research was designed to establish a baseline from which to monitor the nutritional and health characteristics of WIC participants and nonparticipants over time. Because of age-based variations in the survey protocols and small samples of pregnant and postpartum women, data were not consistently available among women, infants, and children. Data availability was the richest for children and most limited for pregnant women.

Keywords: Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children, WIC, food assistance, program nonparticipants, nutrition and health outcomes, Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, NHANES-III, low-income populations, FANRP

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For more information on the nutrition and health outcomes study, see the following reports:
Effects of Food Assistance and Nutrition Programs on Nutrition and Health: Volume 1, Research Design, FANRR-19-1

Effects of Food Assistance and Nutrition Programs on Nutrition and Health: Volume 2, Data Sources, FANRR-19-2

Effects of Food Assistance and Nutrition Programs on Nutrition and Health: Volume 3, Literature Review, FANRR-19-3

Effects of Food Assistance and Nutrition Programs on Nutrition and Health: Volume 4, Executive Summary of the Literature Review, FANRR-19-4

Nutrition and Health Characteristics of Low-Income Populations: Volume I, Food Stamp Program Participants and Nonparticipants, E-FAN-04-014-1

Nutrition and Health Characteristics of Low-Income Populations: Volume III, School-Age Children, E-FAN-04-014-3

Nutrition and Health Characteristics of Low-Income Populations: Volume IV, Older Adults, E-FAN-04-014-4

Last updated: Thursday, August 29, 2013

For more information contact: Nancy Cole, Mary Kay Fox, and Biing-Hwan Lin

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