Overview

ERS compares prices paid by consumers for food with prices received by farmers for corresponding commodities. This data set reports these comparisons for a variety of foods sold through retail foodstores such as supermarkets and supercenters.

Comparisons are made for individual foods and groupings of individual foods—market baskets—that represent what a typical U.S. household buys at retail in a year. The retail costs of these baskets are compared with the money received by farmers for a corresponding basket of agricultural commodities.

ERS data on price spreads for meat, pork, poultry, and eggs can be found in the Meat Price Spreads data product. A different method is used to calculate monthly price spreads for beef, pork, broilers, turkeys, and eggs.

Users may also be interested in an interactive data visualization; see Interactive Chart: Price Spreads and Food Markets.

Data Set    
Downloads Last Updated Next Update
Dairy Back to top
Milk and dairy basket Download as Excel 8/11/2014
Butter, one pound Download as Excel 11/14/2012
Cheddar cheese, one pound Download as Excel 8/11/2014
Ice cream, regular, one-half gallon Download as Excel 8/11/2014
Whole milk, one gallon Download as Excel 8/11/2014
Fresh fruit Back to top
Fresh fruit basket Download as Excel 1/22/2015
Fresh apples Download as Excel 1/22/2015
Fresh grapefruit Download as Excel 1/22/2015
Fresh grapes Download as Excel 1/22/2015
Fresh lemons Download as Excel 1/22/2015
Fresh oranges Download as Excel 1/22/2015
Fresh peaches Download as Excel 1/22/2015
Fresh pears Download as Excel 1/22/2015
Fresh strawberries Download as Excel 1/22/2015
Fresh vegetables Back to top
Fresh vegetables basket Download as Excel 1/22/2015
Fresh broccoli Download as Excel 1/22/2015
Fresh lettuce, iceberg Download as Excel 1/22/2015
Fresh potatoes Download as Excel 1/22/2015
Fresh tomatoes, field grown Download as Excel 1/22/2015
Processed fruit and vegetables Back to top
Orange juice, not from concentrate, one gallon Download as Excel 1/22/2015
Orange juice, frozen concentrate, one reconstituted gallon Download as Excel 1/22/2015
Field crops Back to top
Flour, white, all purpose, per pound Download as Excel 8/11/2014
Margarine, stick, per pound Download as Excel 11/14/2012
Sugar, white, per pound Download as Excel 1/22/2015
White pan bread, per pound Download as Excel 8/11/2014
Archived Versions Back to top
Cheddar cheese, one pound Download as Excel 11/20/2013
Ice cream, regular, one-half gallon Download as Excel 11/20/2013
Whole milk, one gallon Download as Excel 11/20/2013

Last updated: Wednesday, May 20, 2015

For more information contact: Hayden Stewart and Howard Elitzak

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