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Overview

ERS compares prices paid by consumers for food with prices received by farmers for corresponding commodities. This data set reports these comparisons for a variety of foods sold through retail foodstores such as supermarkets and supercenters.

Comparisons are made for individual foods and groupings of individual foods—market baskets—that represent what a typical U.S. household buys at retail in a year. The retail costs of these baskets are compared with the money received by farmers for a corresponding basket of agricultural commodities.

ERS data on price spreads for meat, pork, poultry, and eggs can be found in the Meat Price Spreads data product. A different method is used to calculate monthly price spreads for beef, pork, broilers, turkeys, and eggs.

Users may also be interested in an interactive data visualization; see Interactive Chart: Price Spreads and Food Markets.

Data Set      Download as Excel    
Downloads     Last Updated     Next Update    
Dairy   Back to top   
Milk and dairy basket Download as Excel       8/11/2014   
Butter, one pound Download as Excel       11/14/2012   
Cheddar cheese, one pound Download as Excel       8/11/2014   
Ice cream, regular, one-half gallon Download as Excel       8/11/2014   
Whole milk, one gallon Download as Excel       8/11/2014   
Fresh fruit   Back to top   
Fresh fruit basket Download as Excel       1/22/2015   
Fresh apples Download as Excel       1/22/2015   
Fresh grapefruit Download as Excel       1/22/2015   
Fresh grapes Download as Excel       1/22/2015   
Fresh lemons Download as Excel       1/22/2015   
Fresh oranges Download as Excel       1/22/2015   
Fresh peaches Download as Excel       1/22/2015   
Fresh pears Download as Excel       1/22/2015   
Fresh strawberries Download as Excel       1/22/2015   
Fresh vegetables   Back to top   
Fresh vegetables basket Download as Excel       1/22/2015   
Fresh broccoli Download as Excel       1/22/2015   
Fresh lettuce, iceberg Download as Excel       1/22/2015   
Fresh potatoes Download as Excel       1/22/2015   
Fresh tomatoes, field grown Download as Excel       1/22/2015   
Processed fruit and vegetables   Back to top   
Orange juice, not from concentrate, one gallon Download as Excel       1/22/2015   
Orange juice, frozen concentrate, one reconstituted gallon Download as Excel       1/22/2015   
Field crops   Back to top   
Flour, white, all purpose, per pound Download as Excel       8/11/2014   
Margarine, stick, per pound Download as Excel       11/14/2012   
Sugar, white, per pound Download as Excel       1/22/2015   
White pan bread, per pound Download as Excel       8/11/2014   
Archived Versions   Back to top   
Cheddar cheese, one pound Download as Excel       11/20/2013   
Ice cream, regular, one-half gallon Download as Excel       11/20/2013   
Whole milk, one gallon Download as Excel       11/20/2013   

Last updated: Thursday, January 22, 2015

For more information contact: Hayden Stewart and Howard Elitzak

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