Increased trade in fresh fruits and vegetables provides U.S. consumers with a variety of benefits, including the possibility of improved nutrition with year-round availability of these products. The USDA's Animal and Plant Health and Inspection Service (APHIS) establishes regulations on the fruit and vegetable imports to prevent the inadvertent introduction of harmful organisms and diseases (i.e., pests). Unlike the Food and Drug Administration sanitary regulations, which mainly address human health concerns, APHIS phytosanitary regulations mainly address plant and animal health, which is broadly understood to include risks to agricultural productivity, environmental services, and other natural resources.  These regulations may include prohibitions on imports, treatment requirements, restrictions on the origins and destinations of the goods, increased testing requirements, and comprehensive field measures and growing conditions as defined in a “systems approach.”  The World Trade Organization’s Agreement on Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures establishes a framework for establishing and applying trade restrictions based on these concerns and a dispute resolution mechanism for violations of that framework.    

This data product provides information on phytosanitary regulations affecting U.S. imports of 42 fresh fruits and vegetables. From 2008 to 2012, ERS has annually published statistics on the countries eligible to ship these goods to the United States and the extent to which they represent the whole of world trade.  In 2015, the agency revised the format and added additional information on the specific treatment requirements for 29 of the fruits and vegetables permitted into the United States, the rates at which goods are rejected during inspections (i.e., the risk rate), and the rates at which specific actions are taken during inspections.  For related information, see the 2014 ERS Report “The Effects of Phytosanitary Regulations on U.S. Imports of Fresh Fruits and Vegetables”.

This data product supports the objectives of the Program for Research on the Economics of Invasive Species Management (PREISM) under which ERS funded research to improve the economic basis of decision making concerning invasive species issues, policies, and programs between 2003 and 2008.

Data Set      
Downloads     Last Updated     Next Update    
Individual Commodity Files   Back to top   
Fruits   Back to top   
Apples Download as Excel       6/17/2015   
Apricots Download as Excel       6/17/2015   
Avocados Download as Excel       6/17/2015   
Bananas Download as Excel       6/17/2015   
Cantaloup and Honeydew Download as Excel       6/17/2015   
Cherries Download as Excel       6/17/2015   
Dates Download as Excel       6/17/2015   
Figs Download as Excel       6/17/2015   
Grapefruits Download as Excel       6/17/2015   
Grapes Download as Excel       6/17/2015   
Kiwis Download as Excel       6/17/2015   
Lemons and Limes Download as Excel       6/17/2015   
Mangoes Download as Excel       6/17/2015   
Olives Download as Excel       6/17/2015   
Oranges Download as Excel       6/17/2015   
Papayas Download as Excel       6/17/2015   
Peaches Download as Excel       6/17/2015   
Pears Download as Excel       6/17/2015   
Pineapples Download as Excel       6/17/2015   
Plums Download as Excel       6/17/2015   
Strawberries Download as Excel       6/17/2015   
Tangerines Download as Excel       6/17/2015   
Watermelons Download as Excel       6/17/2015   
Vegetables   Back to top   
Artichokes Download as Excel       6/17/2015   
Asparagus Download as Excel       6/17/2015   
Bell Pepper Download as Excel       6/17/2015   
Broccoli and Cauliflower Download as Excel       6/17/2015   
Cabbage and Other Brassicas Download as Excel       6/17/2015   
Carrots Download as Excel       6/17/2015   
Cucumbers Download as Excel       6/17/2015   
Eggplant Download as Excel       6/17/2015   
Garlic Download as Excel       6/17/2015   
Green Bean Download as Excel       6/17/2015   
Lettuce Download as Excel       6/17/2015   
Mushroom Download as Excel       6/17/2015   
Okra Download as Excel       6/17/2015   
Onions Download as Excel       6/17/2015   
Peppers Download as Excel       6/17/2015   
Potatoes Download as Excel       6/17/2015   
Pumpkin and Squash Download as Excel       8/29/2012   
Spinach Download as Excel       6/17/2015   
Sweet Corn Download as Excel       6/17/2015   
Sweet Potato Download as Excel       6/17/2015   
Tomatoes Download as Excel       6/17/2015   
Summary Files   Back to top   
World Production and Exports of Fresh Fruits Eligible for Importation into the United States Download as Excel       6/17/2015   
World Production and Exports of Fresh Vegetables Eligible for Importation into the United States Download as Excel       6/17/2015   
Summary: Fresh fruits and vegetables eligible for importation into the U.S. by country and their treatment requirements Download as Excel       6/17/2015   
Other Files   Back to top   
APHIS FAO Country Concordance Download as Excel       6/17/2015   
APHIS FAO Commodity Concordance Download as Excel       6/17/2015   
Historical Data   Back to top   
Country_Commodity Matrix   Back to top   
Summary: Fresh Fruits Eligible for Importation into the United States by Country Download as Excel       8/29/2012   
Summary: Fresh Vegetables Eligible for Importation into the United States by Country Download as Excel       6/30/2012   
All Fruit Files   Back to top   
PhytosanitaryFruit2015.zip   Download as Zip    6/17/2015   
2011, PhytosanitaryFruit2011.zip   Download as Zip    6/30/2011   
2010, PhytosanitaryFruit2010.zip   Download as Zip    6/30/2011   
2009, PhytosanitaryFruit2009.zip   Download as Zip    6/30/2011   
2008, PhytosanitaryFruit2008.zip   Download as Zip    6/30/2011   
2007, PhytosanitaryFruit2007.zip   Download as Zip    6/30/2011   
All Vegetable Files   Back to top   
PhytosanitaryVegetable2015.zip   Download as Zip    6/17/2015   
2011, PhytosanitaryVegetable2011.zip   Download as Zip    6/30/2011   
2010, PhytosanitaryVegetable2010.zip   Download as Zip    6/30/2011   
2009, PhytosanitaryVegetable2009.zip   Download as Zip    6/30/2011   
2008, PhytosanitaryVegetable2008.zip   Download as Zip    6/30/2011   
2007, PhytosanitaryVegetable2007.zip   Download as Zip    6/30/2011   

Last updated: Friday, July 17, 2015

For more information contact: Peyton Ferrier

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