Overview

Increased trade in fresh fruits and vegetables provides U.S. consumers with a variety of benefits, including the possibility of improved nutrition with year-round availability of these products. The USDA's Animal and Plant Health and Inspection Service (APHIS) establishes regulations on the fruit and vegetable imports to prevent the inadvertent introduction of harmful organisms and diseases (i.e., pests). Unlike the Food and Drug Administration sanitary regulations, which mainly address human health concerns, APHIS phytosanitary regulations mainly address plant and animal health, which is broadly understood to include risks to agricultural productivity, environmental services, and other natural resources.  These regulations may include prohibitions on imports, treatment requirements, restrictions on the origins and destinations of the goods, increased testing requirements, and comprehensive field measures and growing conditions as defined in a “systems approach.”  The World Trade Organization’s Agreement on Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures establishes a framework for establishing and applying trade restrictions based on these concerns and a dispute resolution mechanism for violations of that framework.    

This data product provides information on phytosanitary regulations affecting U.S. imports of 42 fresh fruits and vegetables. From 2008 to 2012, ERS has annually published statistics on the countries eligible to ship these goods to the United States and the extent to which they represent the whole of world trade.  In 2015, the agency revised the format and added additional information on the specific treatment requirements for 29 of the fruits and vegetables permitted into the United States, the rates at which goods are rejected during inspections (i.e., the risk rate), and the rates at which specific actions are taken during inspections.  For related information, see the 2014 ERS Report “The Effects of Phytosanitary Regulations on U.S. Imports of Fresh Fruits and Vegetables”.

This data product supports the objectives of the Program for Research on the Economics of Invasive Species Management (PREISM) under which ERS funded research to improve the economic basis of decision making concerning invasive species issues, policies, and programs between 2003 and 2008.

Data Set    
Downloads Last Updated Next Update
Individual Commodity Files Back to top
Fruits Back to top
Apples Download as Excel 6/17/2015
Apricots Download as Excel 6/17/2015
Avocados Download as Excel 6/17/2015
Bananas Download as Excel 6/17/2015
Cantaloup and Honeydew Download as Excel 6/17/2015
Cherries Download as Excel 6/17/2015
Dates Download as Excel 6/17/2015
Figs Download as Excel 6/17/2015
Grapefruits Download as Excel 6/17/2015
Grapes Download as Excel 6/17/2015
Kiwis Download as Excel 6/17/2015
Lemons and Limes Download as Excel 6/17/2015
Mangoes Download as Excel 6/17/2015
Olives Download as Excel 6/17/2015
Oranges Download as Excel 6/17/2015
Papayas Download as Excel 6/17/2015
Peaches Download as Excel 6/17/2015
Pears Download as Excel 6/17/2015
Pineapples Download as Excel 6/17/2015
Plums Download as Excel 6/17/2015
Strawberries Download as Excel 6/17/2015
Tangerines Download as Excel 6/17/2015
Watermelons Download as Excel 6/17/2015
Vegetables Back to top
Artichokes Download as Excel 6/17/2015
Asparagus Download as Excel 6/17/2015
Bell Pepper Download as Excel 6/17/2015
Broccoli and Cauliflower Download as Excel 6/17/2015
Cabbage and Other Brassicas Download as Excel 6/17/2015
Carrots Download as Excel 6/17/2015
Cucumbers Download as Excel 6/17/2015
Eggplant Download as Excel 6/17/2015
Garlic Download as Excel 6/17/2015
Green Bean Download as Excel 6/17/2015
Lettuce Download as Excel 6/17/2015
Mushroom Download as Excel 6/17/2015
Okra Download as Excel 6/17/2015
Onions Download as Excel 6/17/2015
Peppers Download as Excel 6/17/2015
Potatoes Download as Excel 6/17/2015
Pumpkin and Squash Download as Excel 8/29/2012
Spinach Download as Excel 6/17/2015
Sweet Corn Download as Excel 6/17/2015
Sweet Potato Download as Excel 6/17/2015
Tomatoes Download as Excel 6/17/2015
Summary Files Back to top
World Production and Exports of Fresh Fruits Eligible for Importation into the United States Download as Excel 6/17/2015
World Production and Exports of Fresh Vegetables Eligible for Importation into the United States Download as Excel 6/17/2015
Summary: Fresh fruits and vegetables eligible for importation into the U.S. by country and their treatment requirements Download as Excel 6/17/2015
Other Files Back to top
APHIS FAO Country Concordance Download as Excel 6/17/2015
APHIS FAO Commodity Concordance Download as Excel 6/17/2015
Historical Data Back to top
Country_Commodity Matrix Back to top
Summary: Fresh Fruits Eligible for Importation into the United States by Country Download as Excel 8/29/2012
Summary: Fresh Vegetables Eligible for Importation into the United States by Country Download as Excel 6/30/2012
All Fruit Files Back to top
PhytosanitaryFruit2015.zip Download as Zip 6/17/2015
2011, PhytosanitaryFruit2011.zip Download as Zip 6/30/2011
2010, PhytosanitaryFruit2010.zip Download as Zip 6/30/2011
2009, PhytosanitaryFruit2009.zip Download as Zip 6/30/2011
2008, PhytosanitaryFruit2008.zip Download as Zip 6/30/2011
2007, PhytosanitaryFruit2007.zip Download as Zip 6/30/2011
All Vegetable Files Back to top
PhytosanitaryVegetable2015.zip Download as Zip 6/17/2015
2011, PhytosanitaryVegetable2011.zip Download as Zip 6/30/2011
2010, PhytosanitaryVegetable2010.zip Download as Zip 6/30/2011
2009, PhytosanitaryVegetable2009.zip Download as Zip 6/30/2011
2008, PhytosanitaryVegetable2008.zip Download as Zip 6/30/2011
2007, PhytosanitaryVegetable2007.zip Download as Zip 6/30/2011

Last updated: Friday, July 17, 2015

For more information contact: Peyton Ferrier

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