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ERS has been a source of major land use estimates in the United States for over 50 years, and the related U.S. cropland used for crops series (Summary table 3 below) dates back to 1910. The Major Land Uses (MLU) series is the longest running, most comprehensive accounting of all major uses of public and private land in the United States. The series was started in 1945, and has since been published about every 5 years, coinciding with the Census of Agriculture. See the latest report in the series, Major Uses of Land in the United States, 2007.

Data from all 14 Major Land Uses reports have been combined into a set of files showing major land use estimates by region and State from 1945 to 2007. Alaska and Hawaii were added in 1959, when they achieved Statehood. Since Alaska contains such vast acreage, 50-State totals in all categories prior to 1959 may appear to change precipitously.

For citations for previous MLU reports and sources for the 2007 data update, see reference citations. See the glossary for detailed definitions of major land uses and terms.

Data Set      Download as Excel    
Downloads     Last Updated     Next Update    
Total land   Back to top   
Total land, 1945-2007, by State: The sum of cropland, pasture/range, forest-use land, special uses, urban area, and other land Download as Excel       12/19/2011   1/1/2016   
Cropland   Back to top   
Cropland, 1945-2007, by State: The sum of cropland used for crops, cropland idled, and cropland used for pasture. Download as Excel       12/19/2011   1/1/2016   
Cropland components   Back to top   
Cropland used for crops, 1945-2007, by State: Cropland harvested, crop failure, and cultivated summer fallow. Download as Excel       12/19/2011   1/1/2016   
Cropland used for pasture, 1945-2007, by State: Pasture considered to be in long-term crop rotation. Includes some land used for pasture that could have been cropped without additional improvement. Download as Excel       12/19/2011   1/1/2016   
Cropland idled, 1945-2007, by State: Land completely idled and lands seeded to soil improvement crops but not harvested or pastured. Download as Excel       12/19/2011   1/1/2016   
Grassland pasture and range   Back to top   
Grassland pasture and range, 1945-2007, by State: Grassland and other nonforested pasture and range in farms plus estimates of open or nonforested grazing lands not in farms. Does not include cropland used for pasture or forest land grazed. Download as Excel       12/19/2011   1/1/2016   
Forest-use land   Back to top   
Total forest-use land, 1945-2007, by State: Forest-use land grazed and forest-use land not grazed. Download as Excel       12/19/2011   1/1/2016   
Forest-use land components   Back to top   
Forest-use land grazed, 1945-2007, by State: Woodland grazed in farms plus estimates of forested grazing land not in farms. Download as Excel       12/19/2011   1/1/2016   
Forest-use not grazed, 1945-2007, by State: Total forest-use land minus forest-use land grazed. Download as Excel       12/19/2011   1/1/2016   
Special uses   Back to top   
Total special uses, 1945-2007, by State: Rural transportation, rural parks and wildlife, defense and industrial, plus miscellaneous farm and other special uses. Download as Excel       12/19/2011   1/1/2016   
Special use components   Back to top   
Rural transportation, 1945-2007, by State: Highways, roads, and railroad rights-of-way, plus airport facilities outside of urban areas. Download as Excel       12/19/2011   1/1/2016   
Rural parks and wildlife areas, 1945-2007, by State: Federal and State parks, wilderness areas, and wildlife refuges. Download as Excel       12/19/2011   1/1/2016   
Defense and industrial areas, 1945-2007, by State: Land owned by Department of Defense and Department of Energy and used for airfields, research and development, housing, and miscellaneous military uses. Download as Excel       12/19/2011   1/1/2016   
Miscellaneous farmland, 1945-2007, by State: Farmsteads, farm roads, and lanes plus other miscellaneous farmland. Download as Excel       12/19/2011   1/1/2016   
Urban area   Back to top   
Urban area, 1945-2007, by State: Densely-populated areas with at least 50,000 people (urbanized areas) and densely-populated areas with 2,500 to 50,000 people (urban clusters). Download as Excel       12/19/2011   1/1/2016   
Other or miscellaneous land uses   Back to top   
All other land uses, 1945-2007, by State: Unclassified uses such as marshes, swamps, bare rock, deserts, tundra plus other uses not estimated, classified, or inventoried. Download as Excel       12/19/2011   1/1/2016   
Summary tables   Back to top   
Summary table 1: Major uses of land, by region, State, and United States, 2007 Download as Excel       12/19/2011   1/1/2016   
Summary table 2: Major uses of cropland, by region, State, and United States, 2007 Download as Excel       12/19/2011   1/1/2016   
Summary table 3: Cropland used for crops: cropland harvested, failure, and summer fallow for the United States, annual, 1910-2013 Download as Excel       2/14/2014   2/13/2015   
Summary table 4: Total grazing land, by region, State, and United States, 2007 Download as Excel       12/19/2011   1/1/2016   
Summary table 5: Special uses of land, by region State, and United States, 2007 Download as Excel       12/19/2011   1/1/2016   

Last updated: Friday, February 14, 2014

For more information contact: Allison Borchers

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