Overview

The ERS Food Availability (Per Capita) Data System (FADS) includes three distinct but related data series on food and nutrient availability for consumption. The data serve as proxies for actual consumption at the national level. Food availability data provide estimates through 2013 and serve as the foundation for the other two series. Loss-adjusted food availability data are also provided through 2013 for most products. This second series is considered preliminary because the underlying food loss assumptions and estimates require further improvement. Nutrient availability data are provided through 2010. Documentation is available for each of the three data series.

The 2013 data include estimates for over 200 commodities, including individual fruits, vegetables, grains, added sugars & sweeteners, dairy products, nuts, meat, poultry, and seafood. However, in 2011, the Census Bureau discontinued the Current Industrial Reports (CIR), which provided data for added fats & oils (except butter), durum flour, and candy & other confectionery products. As a result, the most recent year that data are available for these commodities is 2010.

Because of this data limitation, certain summary estimates—such as per capita daily amounts of calories, food pattern equivalents (or servings), and food loss at the retail and consumer levels in the United States—cannot be calculated beyond 2010. However, the lack of data on durum flour is not critical to the calculation of summary estimates because data are available for wheat flour, which includes durum flour. The lack of data on candy & other confectionary products also is not critical to the calculation of summary estimates because data are available for individual sugar and sweetener commodities (for example, cane and beet sugar and high-fructose corn syrup) within the candy & other confectionary products group.

Subsequent to the discontinuation of the CIR, USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) developed the Current Agricultural Industrial Reports (CAIR) data series to collect data on specific manufactured products in key agricultural industries. As of October 1, 2015, the four sectors in the CAIR program are being published through four reports:

  • Grain crushings and co-products production—the monthly data series begins in October 2014, and data were first released in February 2015;
  • Cotton system consumption and stocks—the monthly data series begins in January 2015, and data were first released in May 2015;
  • Flour milling products—the quarterly data series begins in the third quarter (July-September) of 2014, and data were first released in May 2015;
  • Fats and oils: oilseed crushings, production, consumption and stocks—the monthly data series begins in May 2015, and data were first released in October 2015.

Relevant to FADS are the estimates of production and storage of products in the flour milling and fats & oils sectors. After a full year of estimates have been compiled, ERS plans to use them in FADS.

Data Set    
Downloads Last Updated Next Update
Food Availability Back to top
Beverages Download as Excel 2/1/2015
Coffee, tea, cocoa, and spices Download as Excel 2/1/2015
Dairy (fluid and cream) Download as Excel 2/1/2015
Dairy products Download as Excel 2/1/2015
Eggs Download as Excel 2/1/2015
Fats and oils (added) Download as Excel 2/1/2015
Fish and shellfish Download as Excel 2/1/2015
Fruit (all uses) Download as Excel 2/1/2015
Fruit (canned) Download as Excel 2/1/2015
Fruit (dried) Download as Excel 2/1/2015
Fruit (fresh) Download as Excel 2/1/2015
Fruit (frozen) Download as Excel 2/1/2015
Fruit juices Download as Excel 2/1/2015
Fruit (melons) Download as Excel 2/1/2015
Fruit and vegetables Download as Excel 2/1/2015
Grains Download as Excel 2/1/2015
Peanuts and tree nuts Download as Excel 2/1/2015
Population Download as Excel 2/1/2015
Poultry (chicken and turkey) Download as Excel 2/1/2015
Red meat (beef, veal, pork, lamb, and mutton) Download as Excel 2/1/2015
Red meat, poultry, and fish Download as Excel 2/1/2015
Sugar and sweeteners (added) Download as Excel 2/1/2015
Vegetables (all uses) Download as Excel 2/1/2015
Vegetables (canned) Download as Excel 2/1/2015
Vegetables (fresh) Download as Excel 2/1/2015
Vegetables (frozen) Download as Excel 2/1/2015
Vegetables (legumes) Download as Excel 2/1/2015
Vegetables (mushrooms) Download as Excel 2/1/2015
Vegetables (potatoes) Download as Excel 2/1/2015
Loss-Adjusted Food Availability Back to top
Calories Download as Excel 2/1/2015
Dairy (fluid milk, cream, and other products) Download as Excel 2/1/2015
Fats and oils (added) Download as Excel 2/1/2015
Food pattern equivalents Download as Excel 2/1/2015
Fruit Download as Excel 2/1/2015
Grains Download as Excel 2/1/2015
Meat, poultry, fish, eggs, and nuts Download as Excel 2/1/2015
Sugar and sweeteners (added) Download as Excel 2/1/2015
Vegetables Download as Excel 2/1/2015
Nutrient Availability Back to top
Nutrients (food energy, nutrients, and dietary components) Download as Excel 2/1/2015

Last updated: Thursday, November 12, 2015

For more information contact: Jeanine Bentley

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