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Description and Maps

County Economic Types

The following types are mutually exclusive.

Farming-Dependent
Mining-Dependent
Manufacturing-Dependent
Federal/State Government-Dependent
Services-Dependent
Nonspecialized

County Policy Types

The following types are not mutually exclusive.

Housing Stress
Low-Education
Low-Employment
Persistent Poverty and Persistent Child Poverty
Population Loss
Nonmetro Recreation
Retirement Destination

County Economic Types

Farming-Dependent

Farming-dependent (440 total, 403 nonmetro) counties--either 15 percent or more of average annual labor and proprietors' earnings derived from farming during 1998-2000 or 15 percent or more of employed residents worked in farm occupations in 2000. Note that a few counties have changed farm dependency status from the preliminary group posted in May 2004. See the documentation for an explanation of these changes.

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Mining-Dependent

Mining-dependent (128 total, 113 nonmetro) counties--15 percent or more of average annual labor and proprietors' earnings derived from mining during 1998-2000.

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Manufacturing-Dependent

Manufacturing-dependent (905 total, 585 nonmetro) counties--25 percent or more of average annual labor and proprietors' earnings derived from manufacturing during 1998-2000.

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Federal/State Government-Dependent

Federal/State government-dependent (381 total, 222 nonmetro) counties--15 percent or more of average annual labor and proprietors' earnings derived from Federal and State government during 1998-2000.

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Services-Dependent

Services-dependent (340 total, 114 nonmetro) counties--45 percent or more of average annual labor and proprietors' earnings derived from services (SIC categories of retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services) during 1998-2000.

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Nonspecialized

Nonspecialized (948 total, 615 nonmetro) counties--did not meet the dependence threshold for any one of the above industries.

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County Policy Types

The following types are mutually exclusive.

Housing Stress

Housing stress (537 total, 302 nonmetro) counties--30 percent or more of households had one or more of these housing conditions in 2000: lacked complete plumbing, lacked complete kitchen, paid 30 percent or more of income for owner costs or rent, or had more than 1 person per room. See documentation for more details.

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Low Education

Low-education (622 total, 499 nonmetro) counties--25 percent or more of residents 25-64 years old had neither a high school diploma nor GED in 2000.

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Low Employment

Low-employment (460 total, 396 nonmetro) counties--less than 65 percent of residents 21-64 years old were employed in 2000.

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Persistent Poverty  

Persistent poverty (386 total, 340 nonmetro) counties--20 percent or more of residents were poor as measured by each of the last 4 censuses, 1970, 1980, 1990, and 2000.

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Persistent Child Poverty  

Persistent child poverty counties (734 total, 603 nonmetro)-20 percent or more of related children under 18 years old were poor as measured by each of the last 4 censuses, 1970, 1980, 1990, and 2000. 

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Population Loss

Population loss (601 total, 532 nonmetro) counties--number of residents declined both between the 1980 and 1990 censuses and between the 1990 and 2000 censuses.

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Nonmetro Recreation

Nonmetro recreation (334 designated nonmetro in either 1993 or 2003, 34 were designated metro in 2003) counties--classified using a combination of factors, including share of employment or share of earnings in recreation-related industries in 1999, share of seasonal or occasional use housing units in 2000, and per capita receipts from motels and hotels in 1997. See the documentation for more details.

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Retirement Destination

Retirement destination (440 total, 277 nonmetro) counties--number of residents 60 and older grew by 15 percent or more between 1990 and 2000 due to inmigration.

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Last updated: Thursday, July 05, 2012

For more information contact: Timothy Parker

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