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Agricultural Trade Multipliers

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ERS 2002 Benchmark Input/Output Trade Margins

These categories contain agricultural or agriculturally derived products. (For example, "Buttons, pins, and all other miscellaneous" includes feathers). They are listed by stage of processing as reflected in the North American Industrial Classification System (NAICS), 2002 NAICS Codes and Titles.

By turning these base-year values into a percentage distribution, a modeler can allocate shipping, handling, and distribution charges to the appropriate sector (i.e., producer, transportation, or wholesale and retail trade) for estimating port-value multipliers. Output producer and port aggregate multipliers are also derived by this procedure. For more information, see the margins section of the Assumptions.

2002 ERS Benchmark Input/Output Trade Margins (applicable to open and partially closed port multipliers)

Commodity Producer margin Transport margin Wholesale and retail trade margin
Soybeans 0.87 0.07 0.06
Other oilseeds 0.87 0.07 0.06
Wheat 0.62 0.16 0.22
Rice 0.62 0.16 0.22
Corn 0.62 0.16 0.22
Other grains 0.62 0.16 0.22
Vegetables and melons 0.63 0.14 0.23
Fruits 0.86 0.08 0.06
Tree nuts 0.68 0.09 0.23
Greenhouse, nursery, and floriculture 0.81 0.05 0.14
Tobacco 0.89 0.07 0.04
Cotton 0.8 0.03 0.17
Sugarcane and sugar beets 0.92 0.05 0.03
All other crops 0.86 0.1 0.04
Dairy cattle and milk production 0.91 0.06 0.03
Cattle 0.95 0.04 0.01
Poultry and egg production 0.92 0.06 0.02
Animal production, except cattle and poultry and eggs 0.97 0.03 0
Forest nurseries, forest products, and timber 0.87 0.01 0.12
Fishing 0.87 0.03 0.1
Dog and cat food 0.75 0.02 0.23
Other animal food 0.94 0.02 0.04
Flour milling and malt 0.85 0.06 0.09
Wet corn milling 0.88 0.07 0.05
Fats and oils refining and blending 0.93 0.02 0.05
Soybean and other oilseed processing 0.88 0.07 0.05
Breakfast cereal 0.87 0.02 0.11
Beet sugar 0.87 0.02 0.11
Sugar cane mills and refining 0.87 0.02 0.11
Chocolate and confectionery from cacao beans 0.87 0.02 0.11
Confectionery from purchased chocolate 0.88 0.02 0.1
Nonchocolate confectionery 0.87 0.02 0.11
Frozen food 0.88 0.03 0.09
Fruit and vegetable canning, pickling, and drying 0.87 0.02 0.11
Cheese 0.89 0.02 0.09
Dry, condensed, and evaporated dairy products 0.78 0.01 0.21
Fluid milk and butter 0.93 0.01 0.06
Ice cream and frozen desserts 0.8 0.02 0.18
Poultry processing 0.94 0.01 0.05
Animal (except poultry) slaughtering, rendering, and processing 0.89 0.03 0.08
Bread and bakery products 0.88 0.01 0.11
Cookie, cracker, and pasta 0.81 0.02 0.17
Snack food 0.91 0.02 0.07
Coffee and tea 0.72 0.02 0.26
Flavoring syrup and concentrate 0.96 0.02 0.02
Seasoning and dressing 0.86 0.02 0.12
All other food 0.85 0.02 0.13
Soft drink and ice 0.8 0.01 0.19
Breweries 0.68 0.02 0.3
Wineries 0.74 0.02 0.24
Tobacco products 0.93 0.01 0.06
Fiber, yarn, and thread mills 0.85 0.06 0.09
Textile and fabric finishing mills 0.89 0.02 0.09
All other textile product mills 0.79 0.03 0.18
Other basic organic chemicals 0.91 0.03 0.06
Pharmaceutical preparation 0.78 0.01 0.21
Adhesive 0.92 0.03 0.05
All other chemical product and preparation 0.79 0.03 0.18
Broom, brush, and mops 0.72 0.15 0.13
Scrap 0.62 0.06 0.32
Other exports and Food Aid 1 0 0

Last updated: Wednesday, February 13, 2013

For more information contact: Suresh Persaud

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