The U.S. Office of Management and Budget (OMB) has issued guidelines for the peer review of important scientific information before it is disseminated by the Federal Government. OMB published its "Final Information Quality Bulletin for Peer Review" in the Federal Register on January 14, 2005, at 70 FR 2664-2677. 16x16 - PDF The Bulletin provides specific requirements for peer reviews of highly influential scientific assessments and influential scientific information that are disseminated by Federal agencies, including posting the agenda and plans for such peer reviews on agency websites.
ERS Agenda for Peer Reviews of Highly Influential Scientific Assessments
At this time, ERS has no agenda of forthcoming highly influential scientific assessments to post on its website in accordance with OMB's Final Information Quality Bulletin for Peer Review. PDF
ERS Agenda for Peer Reviews of Influential Scientific Information
ERS's economists and social scientists conduct research to inform public and private decisionmaking on economic and policy issues involving food, farming, natural resources, and rural development. The agency's research program is aimed at the information needs of USDA, other public policy officials, and the research community. ERS information and analysis is also used by the media, trade associations, public interest groups, and the general public. ERS disseminates economic information and research results through an array of outlets.
ERS has two types of report series that could contain potentially influential scientific information: ERS research reports; and Outlook Special Reports. The peer review process varies for each series. All reports in each series are included in ERS's peer review agenda for potentially influential scientific information.
ERS research reports-Division management submits ERS research reports, including Economic Briefs, Economic Information Bulletins, Technical Bulletins, and Economic Research Reports, to the ERS Peer Review Council to develop the peer review plan and coordinate the peer review process. Each report submitted to the Peer Review Council is reviewed by a minimum of two external economists/subject specialists and one economist from ERS. In addition, subject specialists from USDA agencies potentially affected by the research provide technical reviews. All reviews are double blind (the reviewers do not know the identity of the report author(s) and the author(s) do not know the names of the reviewers). Review criteria are detailed in request letters PDF icon (16x16) sent to each reviewer.
Outlook Special Reports-Outlook Special Reports deliver time-sensitive information related to the forces shaping commodity markets and trade. These reports provide analysis of commodity market conditions, production, supply, and use, both domestically and internationally. Outlook Special Reports are reviewed by ERS staff, external commodity and market specialists, and subject experts on the World Agricultural Outlook Board.
Cleared manuscripts are posted on the ERS website. For a complete list, see the Publications catalog.
In accordance with OMB's Final Information Quality Bulletin for Peer Review, PDF ERS's Peer Review Agenda for potentially influential scientific information is reported below. The agenda is updated quarterly.
ERS Peer Review Agenda for Potentially Influential Scientific Information (Under review as of January 1, 2015)
|Working Title||Description||Peer Review Plan
|Farm Profits and Adoption of Precision Agriculture ||Economic Research Report ||16x16 - PDF
|The Meaning and Measurement of Annual and Monthly SNAP Participation Rates ||Economic Research Report ||16x16 - PDF
|How the USDA Forecasts Retail Food Prices ||Technical Bulletin ||16x16 - PDF
|Climate Change Impacts on Agriculture in the U.S.: Shifting Regional Water Balances and Producer Adaptation ||Economic Research Report ||16x16 - PDF
|An Examination of Manufacturer’s Bids for WIC Infant Formula Contracts, 2003-2013 ||Economic Information Bulletin ||16x16 - PDF
|The Middle East and North Africa Region Is Key to Projected Growth in World Agricultural Trade ||Special Outlook Report ||16x16 - PDF
|Brazil’s Ethanol Sector Impacts on Crops, Livestock, and Agricultural Land Use ||Economic Research Report ||16x16 - PDF
|Economics of Sub-therapeutic Antibiotic Use in U.S. Livestock Production ||Economic Research Report ||16x16 - PDF
|Marketing Meat Goats: A Case Study Analysis of the Southern United States ||Special Outlook Report ||16x16 - PDF
|How Well Do Household-Level Data Characterize Food Security? Evidence from the Bangladesh Integrated Household Survey ||Economic Research Report ||16x16 - PDF
|Consumers Benefit from Off-Season Produce Imports ||Economic Research Report ||16x16 - PDF
|Economic Burden of Major Foodborne Illnesses Acquired in the United States ||Economic Information Bulletin ||16x16 - PDF
|Economies of Scale, Meal Balance and the Cost of USDA School Breakfasts and Lunches ||Economic Research Report ||16x16 - PDF
|Food Demand and Store Proximity ||Economic Research Report ||16x16 - PDF
See completed peer reviews
For information on ERS's agenda and plans for peer reviews of highly influential scientific assessments and influential scientific information, contact:
Economic Research Service
355 E Street, SW
Washington, DC 20024-3221
phone: (202) 694-5349
The USDA website provides more information on: