Peer Reviews

The U.S. Office of Management and Budget (OMB) has issued guidelines for the peer review of important scientific information before it is disseminated by the Federal Government. OMB published its "Final Information Quality Bulletin for Peer Review" in the Federal Register on January 14, 2005, at 70 FR 2664-2677. 16x16 - PDF The Bulletin provides specific requirements for peer reviews of highly influential scientific assessments and influential scientific information that are disseminated by Federal agencies, including posting the agenda and plans for such peer reviews on agency websites.

ERS Agenda for Peer Reviews of Highly Influential Scientific Assessments

At this time, ERS has no agenda of forthcoming highly influential scientific assessments to post on its website in accordance with OMB's Final Information Quality Bulletin for Peer Review. PDF

ERS Agenda for Peer Reviews of Influential Scientific Information

ERS's economists and social scientists conduct research to inform public and private decisionmaking on economic and policy issues involving food, farming, natural resources, and rural development.  The agency's research program is aimed at the information needs of USDA, other public policy officials, and the research community. ERS information and analysis is also used by the media, trade associations, public interest groups, and the general public.  ERS disseminates economic information and research results through an array of outlets.

ERS has two types of report series that could contain potentially influential scientific information: ERS research reports; and Outlook Special Reports.  The peer review process varies for each series.  All reports in each series are included in ERS's peer review agenda for potentially influential scientific information. 

  • ERS research reports-Division management submits ERS research reports, including Economic Briefs, Economic Information Bulletins, Technical Bulletins, and Economic Research Reports, to the ERS Peer Review Council to develop the peer review plan and coordinate the peer review process.  Each report submitted to the Peer Review Council is reviewed by a minimum of two external economists/subject specialists and one economist from ERS. In addition, subject specialists from USDA agencies potentially affected by the research provide technical reviews. All reviews are double blind (the reviewers do not know the identity of the report author(s) and the author(s) do not know the names of the reviewers). Review criteria are detailed in request letters  PDF icon (16x16) sent to each reviewer.
  • Outlook Special Reports-Outlook Special Reports deliver time-sensitive information related to the forces shaping commodity markets and trade.  These reports provide analysis of commodity market conditions, production, supply, and use, both domestically and internationally. Outlook Special Reports are reviewed by ERS staff, external commodity and market specialists, and subject experts on the World Agricultural Outlook Board.

Cleared manuscripts are posted on the ERS website. For a complete list, see the Publications catalog.

In accordance with OMB's Final Information Quality Bulletin for Peer Review, PDF ERS's Peer Review Agenda for potentially influential scientific information is reported below. The agenda is updated quarterly.

ERS Peer Review Agenda for Potentially Influential Scientific Information (Under review as of July 1, 2015)
Working TitleDescriptionPeer Review Plan
Farm Profits and Adoption of Precision Agriculture Economic Research Report 16x16 - PDF
Updated Supermarket Loss Estimates for Fresh Fruit, Vegetables, Meat, Poultry, and Seafood in the United States and Their Use in the ERS Loss-Adjusted Food Availability Data, 2011-12 Economic Information Bulletin 16x16 - PDF
Impact of Supplemental Coverage Option and Agriculture Risk Coverage Programs on Soybean Revenue Economic Research Report 16x16 - PDF
The Risk Reduction Potential of the New Dairy Margin Protection Program Economic Research Report 16x16 - PDF
Soil Health and Conservation Practice Adoption in Major Crops: Tillage, Nutrient Management, and Cover Crops Economic Information Bulletin 16x16 - PDF
U.S. Food Commodity Consumption by Income and Demographics: A Disaggregation of the Loss-Adjusted Food Availability Data Economic Research Report 16x16 - PDF
Thin Cash Markets, Mandatory Price Reporting, and Price Discovery in Livestock Markets Special Outlook Report 16x16 - PDF
U.S.-Cuba Agricultural Trade: Past, Present, and Possible Future Special Outlook Report 16x16 - PDF
What’s Cooking? The Demand for Convenience Foods At-Home and Away-from-Home in the United States Economic Research Report 16x16 - PDF
What’s Cooking? The Demand for Convenience Foods At-Home and Away-from-Home in the United States Economic Research Report 16x16 - PDF
Agriculture in the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership: Tariffs, Tariff-rate Quotas, and Non-tariff Measures Economic Research Report 16x16 - PDF
Changing Structure, Financial Risks, and Government Policies for the U.S. Dairy Industry Economic Research Report 16x16 - PDF
China’s Feed Industry and Demand for Imported Commodities Special Outlook Report 16x16 - PDF
Thin Markets in U.S. Agriculture: Importance and Implications Economic Information Bulletin 16x16 - PDF
How Much Does it Cost to Satisfy Fruit and Vegetable Recommendations in the Dietary Guidelines? Economic Brief 16x16 - PDF
Organic Price Premiums are not Decreasing Despite Increasing Market Share Economic Research Report 16x16 - PDF
Reducing Nutrient Loadings from Livestock Agriculture in the Chesapeake Bay Watershed Economic Research Report 16x16 - PDF
The Influence of Income on Global Dietary Patterns by Country, Age, and Gender Economic Research Report 16x16 - PDF
Corn and Soybean Production Costs and Export Competitiveness in Argentina, Brazil, and the United States Economic Information Bulletin 16x16 - PDF
How do Data from the National Food Acquisition and Purchase Survey (FoodAPS) Compare with Other National Survey Data? Economic Information Bulletin 16x16 - PDF
Do WIC Households Choose the Same Food Items When Using WIC Benefits and When Paying Out of Pocket? A Case Study of Cold Cereal Purchases Economic Research Report 16x16 - PDF
Trends in FDA Refusals of Imported Food Products, 2002–2013 Economic Information Bulletin 16x16 - PDF
Japanese Beef Imports by Exporting Source and the Impacts of Tariff Reforms Special Outlook Report 16x16 - PDF

See completed peer reviews

Contact

For information on ERS's agenda and plans for peer reviews of highly influential scientific assessments and influential scientific information, contact:

Ephraim Leibtag
Economic Research Service
355 E Street, SW
Washington, DC 20024-3221
email: eleibtag@ers.usda.gov
phone: (202) 694-5349

USDA Resources

The USDA website provides more information on:

Last updated: Wednesday, July 15, 2015

For more information contact: Ephraim Leibtag

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