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Peer Reviews

The U.S. Office of Management and Budget (OMB) has issued guidelines for the peer review of important scientific information before it is disseminated by the Federal Government. OMB published its "Final Information Quality Bulletin for Peer Review" in the Federal Register on January 14, 2005, at 70 FR 2664-2677. 16x16 - PDF The Bulletin provides specific requirements for peer reviews of highly influential scientific assessments and influential scientific information that are disseminated by Federal agencies, including posting the agenda and plans for such peer reviews on agency websites.

ERS Agenda for Peer Reviews of Highly Influential Scientific Assessments

At this time, ERS has no agenda of forthcoming highly influential scientific assessments to post on its website in accordance with OMB's Final Information Quality Bulletin for Peer Review. PDF

ERS Agenda for Peer Reviews of Influential Scientific Information

ERS's economists and social scientists conduct research to inform public and private decisionmaking on economic and policy issues involving food, farming, natural resources, and rural development.  The agency's research program is aimed at the information needs of USDA, other public policy officials, and the research community. ERS information and analysis is also used by the media, trade associations, public interest groups, and the general public.  ERS disseminates economic information and research results through an array of outlets.

ERS has two types of report series that could contain potentially influential scientific information: ERS research reports; and Outlook Special Reports.  The peer review process varies for each series.  All reports in each series are included in ERS's peer review agenda for potentially influential scientific information. 

  • ERS research reports-Division management submits ERS research reports, including Economic Briefs, Economic Information Bulletins, Technical Bulletins, and Economic Research Reports, to the ERS Peer Review Council to develop the peer review plan and coordinate the peer review process.  Each report submitted to the Peer Review Council is reviewed by a minimum of two external economists/subject specialists and one economist from ERS. In addition, subject specialists from USDA agencies potentially affected by the research provide technical reviews. All reviews are double blind (the reviewers do not know the identity of the report author(s) and the author(s) do not know the names of the reviewers). Review criteria are detailed in request letters  PDF icon (16x16) sent to each reviewer.
  • Outlook Special Reports-Outlook Special Reports deliver time-sensitive information related to the forces shaping commodity markets and trade.  These reports provide analysis of commodity market conditions, production, supply, and use, both domestically and internationally. Outlook Special Reports are reviewed by ERS staff, external commodity and market specialists, and subject experts on the World Agricultural Outlook Board.

Cleared manuscripts are posted on the ERS website. For a complete list, see the Publications catalog.

In accordance with OMB's Final Information Quality Bulletin for Peer Review, PDF ERS's Peer Review Agenda for potentially influential scientific information is reported below. The agenda is updated quarterly.

ERS Peer Review Agenda for Potentially Influential Scientific Information (Under review as of October 1, 2014)
Working TitleDescriptionPeer Review Plan
Farm Profits and Adoption of Precision Agriculture Economic Research Report 16x16 - PDF
Using Genetic Resources to Help Agriculture Adapt to Climate Change Economic Brief 16x16 - PDF
The Meaning and Measurement of Annual and Monthly SNAP Participation Rates Economic Research Report 16x16 - PDF
Trends and Patterns in Foundation Grants to Rural Areas Economic Information Bulletin 16x16 - PDF
Agricultural Productivity Growth in the United States: Measurement, Drivers, and Impacts Economic Research Report 16x16 - PDF
Coming Home to Rural America: Why Some Return to Out of the Way Communities and Others Do Not, and What Difference It Makes Economic Research Report 16x16 - PDF
Global Biofuels Trade Grows in Importance with Shifting Policy and Market Forces Economic Information Bulletin 16x16 - PDF
WIC Background, Trends, and Economic Issues Economic Research Report 16x16 - PDF
Structure and Finances of U.S. Farms: Family Farm Report, 2014 Edition Economic Information Bulletin 16x16 - PDF
How the USDA Forecasts Retail Food Prices Technical Bulletin 16x16 - PDF
Climate Change Impacts on Agriculture in the U.S.: Shifting Regional Water Balances and Producer Adaptation Economic Research Report 16x16 - PDF
NAFTA at 20: North America's Free-Trade Area and its Impact on Agriculture Special Outlook Report 16x16 - PDF
Improving the Assessment of SNAP Targeting using Administrative Records Economic Research Report 16x16 - PDF
An Examination of Manufacturer’s Bids for WIC Infant Formula Contracts, 2003-2013 Economic Information Bulletin 16x16 - PDF
The Middle East and North Africa Region Is Key to Projected Growth in World Agricultural Trade Special Outlook Report 16x16 - PDF
China’s Growing Demand for Agricultural Imports Economic Information Bulletin 16x16 - PDF
Brazil’s Ethanol Sector Impacts on Crops, Livestock, and Agricultural Land Use Economic Research Report 16x16 - PDF
Economics of Sub-therapeutic Antibiotic Use in U.S. Livestock Production Economic Research Report 16x16 - PDF
Cotton Policy in China Special Outlook Report 16x16 - PDF
Marketing Meat Goats: A Case Study Analysis of the Southern United States Special Outlook Report 16x16 - PDF
How Well Do Household-Level Data Characterize Food Security? Evidence from the Bangladesh Integrated Household Survey Economic Research Report 16x16 - PDF
Consumers Benefit from Off-Season Produce Imports Economic Research Report 16x16 - PDF

See completed peer reviews

Contact

For information on ERS's agenda and plans for peer reviews of highly influential scientific assessments and influential scientific information, contact:

Daniel Pick
Economic Research Service
355 E Street, SW
Washington, DC 20024-3221
email: dpick@ers.usda.gov
phone: (202) 694-5278

USDA Resources

The USDA website provides more information on:

Last updated: Friday, October 10, 2014

For more information contact: Ephraim Leibtag

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