Physics

Charalambous OSA Emil Wolf, Giovanni Milione Network Stability

The Department of Physics at City College has a long tradition of distinguished faculty and students.  Many of our alumni have achieved prominence in academic, industrial and governmental physics positions; three of them, Arno Penzias, Leon Lederman and Robert Hofstadter, have won the Nobel Prize in Physics.

Today the Department continues to reflect this tradition of scientific excellence. The faculty include members of the National Academies of Sciences and National Academy of Engineering, fellows of the American Physical Society, and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.  They are deeply engaged in cutting-edge research, including biophysics, high-energy physics, condensed matter and soft-condensed matter physics, ultrafast spectroscopy and photonics, to name just a few.

Physics students pursue bachelors, masters and doctoral degrees at City College.  Whether they are modeling DNA molecules, working with MRI and CAT scans, building lasers or working with computers, they are preparing for the jobs and opportunities that will dominate the 21st century.

CCNY Undergraduate Bulletin 2013-15

CCNY Graduate Bulletin 2013-15

IN THE NEWS

Physics Department Newsletter

The newest edition of the CCNY Physics Department Newsletter is now available. 

Giovanni Milione a winner of Emil Wolf Outstanding Student Paper Competition for 2014

Milione201

Giovanni Milione has been selected as a winner of the Emil Wolf Outstanding Student Paper Competition for his paper titled "Radial and azimuthal polarized vector Bessel beams".  Mr. Milione is a Ph.D. student in the Optical Science Program at at The City College of New York, Department of Physics and Institute for Ultrafast Spectroscopy and Lasers; his mentor is Distinguished Professor Robert Alfano.   Mr. Milione's research is in the new form of light called Complex Light.  His October presentation for Physics Majors Month was "How to be a successful physics student" and "Advancing physics with complex light: Nanoscale imaging to quantum cryptography."  He is an NSF Graduate Research Fellow and is affiliated with NEC Labs America Inc., Institute for Ultrafast Spectroscopy and Lasers, Physics Dept., CCNY; Graduate Center CUNY.   He was an Emil Wolf Outstanding Student finalist in 2011 and a winner in 2012.

The Emil Wolf Prize is awarded by the Optical Society of America Foundation, Optics Communications published by Elsevier, the University of Rochester Physics Department, the Institute of Optics and FiO0.  The papers were read at the Optical Society of America's Frontiers in Optics conference in October, 2014.

Nobel Prize in Physics, 2014

The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences has awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics for 2014 to Isamu Akasaki (Meijo University, Nagoya, Japan), Hiroshi Amano (Nagoya University, Japan), and Shuji Nakamura (University of California, Santa Barbara, CA, USA) “for the invention of efficient blue light-emitting diodes which has enabled bright and energy-saving white light sources"

This year's Nobel Laureates are rewarded for having invented a new energy-efficient and environment-friendly light source – the blue light-emitting diode (LED). In the spirit of Alfred Nobel the Prize rewards an invention of greatest benefit to mankind; using blue LEDs, white light can be created in a new way. With the advent of LED lamps we now have more long-lasting and more efficient alternatives to older light sources.

Policies of the Future Should Not Be Tied to Science of the Past | Commentary

By Michael S. Lubell, Sept. 15, 2014

Fighting the last war over again is a bad strategy for future military planning. Using science of the past in crafting technology policies for the future is just as foolish. Yet that’s what’s happening in the debate over refilling the Highway Trust Fund’s depleted financial tank. More...(Published in Roll Call)

Summer 2014 REU report from Harry Charalambous

Harry Charalambous and David Schuster's paper, "Continuous Cryogenic He-3 Adsorption Pump" is the result of Mr. Charalambous' Research Experience for Undergraduates during this summer, 2014. "I did my REU at the University of Chicago. David Schuster was my advisor. He's a professor there who works on low temperature physics, namely circuit quantum electrodynamics using SQUIDS and on the effects of electrons on liquid helium. He's also taken to redesigning the dilution refrigerators used in labs to get to the millikelvin temperature range (he has 2 of them already)."

CCNY Researchers Receive $5 Million in Federal Grants
More than $5 million in federal research grants has been awarded to four City College of New York researchers in the interdisciplinary CUNY Institute for Macromolecular Assemblies. The funding is from the National Institutes of Health (NIH), National Science Foundation (NSF), and Department of Defense (DoD). The recipients, all principal investigators for their respective projects, are

  • Professor Ranajeet Ghose, chemistry; $1,024,780 from the NSF for his five-year project, "Conformational Dynamics and Regulatory Interactions in a Bacteriophage RNA Polymerase Complex."
  • Assistant Professor Reza Khayat, chemistry; $1,373,000 over four years from the NIH SCORE program for the project, "Mechanism of Cellular Recognition and Entry by a Circovirus."
  • Distinguished Professor of Chemistry Ruth Stark, who directs the CUNY Institute for Macromolecular Assemblies (MMA). She has been awarded $1,142,552 over five years by the NSF for her project "Constructing Plant Cuticle Barriers: From Molecular Architecture to Mechanical Integrity."
  • Associate Professor Ronald Koder, physics; four grants totaling $1,655,381 from the NIH, NSF and DoD. Of that, $1,165,493 is a four-year NIH R01 award for his project "Structural and Thermodynamic Features which Govern Enzymatic Nitric Oxide Detoxification." Professor Koder's other awards are two multiple principal investigator NSF grants (each over three years) of $300,000 and $169,888 for the projects, "Collaborative Research: Creating a Conductive Connection between Redox Enzymes" and "Mechanism and Design of Elastomeric Proteins," respectively.  In addition, Professor Koder received a $20,000 subcontract from Phoebus Optoelectronics tied to a one-year Small Business Innovation Research award from the DoD for the research project, "Innovative Concept for Detection and Identification of Biological Toxins."
Nowhere to Hide: Better Non-invasive Detection of Prostate Cancer Using Improved Imaging
Advanced methods for earlier and improved detection of prostate cancer will help physicians provide better prostate cancer management and protect patients with low risk disease from unnecessary treatment.  Says Dr. Wang, "The key feature of our rectal scanning imager is the use of near infrared (NIR) radiation to image the prostate through the rectum. This imaging approach will greatly improve and supplement current (detection) methods of PSA and DRE because the scanning imaging unit and inverse image reconstruction technique can be used to map the internal structure of the prostate, distinguishing cancerous from normal areas." 

The key investigators in the CUNY research group include Distinguished Professor Robert Alfano (Director of the Institute for Ultrafast Spectroscopy and Lasers), Dr. Wubao Wang, and Dr. Yang Pu. The research achievement was made in collaboration with Dr. James Eastham at Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, Prof. Samuel Achilefu at Washington University School of Medicine, and Prof. Min Xu at Fairfield University.

Physics News Archive

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