Once public officials realized that they couldnt eradicate the sport of mixed martial arts, they decided to regulate events instead, often citing the events revenue potential as the reason for their reversal, suggests a recent study by Carla Santos and Scott Tainsky, professors of recreation, sport and tourism in the College of Applied Health Sciences.
Once derided as barbaric and tantamount to human cockfighting by many lawmakers, the mixed martial arts industry was on the fringe of the sports landscape during its early years in the U.S. and was banned in 36 states. Over the past decade, however, MMA and its foremost promotional vehicle, the Ultimate Fighting Championship, have made a dramatic turnaround, winning mainstream acceptance and legalization in all but two states Connecticut and New York.
Jonathan Inda, a professor of Latina/Latino studies at Illinois, says the reform legislation being proposed in Congress offers little change from current policies heavy on enforcement policies that can be traced to the last major immigration reform act in 1986.
Three key issues were at the center of the 1986 Immigration Reform and Control Act: money for border enforcement, a pathway to citizenship and making it illegal to hire undocumented workers. But another provision of the IRCA, often overlooked, has had far-reaching consequences.
Courtney Flint, a professor of natural resources and environmental sciences, contributed an essay in the new book co-edited by William Stewart, a professor of sport, recreation and tourism, that explores the emotional and spiritual attachments that exist between people and physical places, which are transforming conservation practices.
The strong emotional and spiritual attachments that exist between people and physical spaces are transforming conservation practices, a trend explored in a new book, Place-Based Conservation: Perspectives From the Social Sciences, published by Springer.
Really existing capitalism is turning the Internet against democracy, says communication professor Robert McChesney, in his new book Digital Disconnect.
Two decades into the digital age, the Internet is now enmeshed in the fabric of nearly every aspect of life, says University of Illinois communication professor Robert McChesney. In ongoing debates about its influence and future, there are, he says, celebrants and skeptics.
Child welfare agencies struggling to increase parent engagement and counter negative stereotypes might consider enhancing social workers communication skills and creating public service announcements, suggests a new study by, from left, researcher Jill C. Schreiber, Tamara Fuller and Megan Paceley.
Even parents who have had no contact with child welfare agencies believe negative stereotypes about social workers and the likely outcomes of abuse or neglect investigations, misconceptions that complicate agencies efforts to engage parents in interventions.