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Pattern, Structure, or Organization of Argument or Ideas

The pattern, structure or organization of an author’s argument or ideas must be attributed to the author ththrough proper citation, just like borrowed or paraphrased text.

Example*

Original version:

Kenneth N. Waltz, “More May Be Better,” in Scott D. Sagan and Kenneth N. Waltz, The Spread of Nuclear Weapons: A Debate Renewed (New York: W.W. Norton& Co., 2003), p. 44.

I have found many reasons for believing that with more nuclear states the world will have a more promising future. I have reached this unusual conclusion for three main reasons. First, international politics is a self-help system, and in such systems the principal parties determine their own fate, the fate of the other parties, and the fate of the system. …Second, nuclear weaponry makes miscalculations difficult because it is hard not to be aware of how much damage a small number of nuclear warheads can do…Third, new nuclear states will feel the constraints that present nuclear states have experienced.

Plagiarized version:

Reasons that nuclear weapons may increase stability include the self-help nature of international relations, the reduced danger of miscalculation due nuclear weapons’ greater destructiveness, and the fact that as more countries become nuclear powers, they will be deterred from using their weapons just as existing nuclear powers have been.

Acceptable version:

According to Kenneth Waltz, nuclear proliferation increases stability due to the self-help nature of international relations, the reduced danger of miscalculation due nuclear weapons’ greater destructiveness, and the fact that as more countries become nuclear powers, they will be deterred from using their weapons just as existing nuclear powers have been.1

1 Kenneth N. Waltz, “More May Be Better,” in Scott D. Sagan and Kenneth N. Waltz, The Spread of Nuclear Weapons: A Debate Renewed (New York: W.W. Norton& Co., 2003), p. 44.

* How Not to Plagiarize, Concordia University, Department of Political Science

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